Now showing items 21-40 of 1241

    • Impact of uniaxial pressure on structural and magnetic phase transitions in electron-doped iron pnictides 

      Lu, Xingye; Tseng, Kuo-Feng; Keller, T.; Zhang, Wenliang; Hu, Ding; Song, Yu; Man, Haoran; Park, J.T.; Luo, Huiqian; Li, Shiliang; Nevidomskyy, Andriy H.; Dai, Pengcheng (2016)
      We use neutron resonance spin echo and Larmor diffraction to study the effect of uniaxial pressure on the tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural (Ts) and antiferromagnetic (AF) phase transitions in iron pnictides ...
    • A window for plate tectonics in terrestrial planet evolution? 

      O’Neill, Craig; Lenardic, Adrian; Weller, Matthew; Moresi, Louis; Quenette, Steve; Zhang, Siqi (2016)
      The tectonic regime of a planet depends critically on the contributions of basal and internal heating to the planetary mantle, and how these evolve through time. We use viscoplastic mantle convection simulations, with ...
    • Functional interplay between SA1 and TRF1 in telomeric DNA binding and DNA–DNA pairing 

      Lin, Jiangguo; Countryman, Preston; Chen, Haijiang; Pan, Hai; Fan, Yanlin; Jiang, Yunyun; Kaur, Parminder; Miao, Wang; Gurgel, Gisele; You, Changjiang; Piehler, Jacob; Kad, Neil M.; Riehn, Robert; Opresko, Patricia L.; Smith, Susan; Tao, Yizhi Jane; Wang, Hong (2016)
      Proper chromosome alignment and segregation during mitosis depend on cohesion between sister chromatids. Cohesion is thought to occur through the entrapment of DNA within the tripartite ring (Smc1, Smc3 and Rad21) with ...
    • Quantum mechanical effects in plasmonic structures with subnanometre gaps 

      Zhu, Wenqi; Esteban, Ruben; Borisov, Andrei G.; Baumberg, Jeremy J.; Nordlander, Peter; Lezec, Henri J.; Aizpurua, Javier; Crozier, Kenneth B. (2016)
      Metallic structures with nanogap features have proven highly effective as building blocks for plasmonic systems, as they can provide a wide tuning range of operating frequencies and large near-field enhancements. Recent ...
    • Ultrathin AAO Membrane as a Generic Template for Sub-100 nm Nanostructure Fabrication 

      Robatjazi, Hossein; Bahauddin, Shah Mohammad; Macfarlan, Luke H.; Fu, Sidan; Thomann, Isabell (2016)
      Anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) templates are emerging as a platform for simple, cost-effective, high-throughput top-down nanofabrication of regular arrays of nanostructures. Thus far, however, AAO pattern transfer has largely ...
    • The Early-Acting Peroxin PEX19 Is Redundantly Encoded, Farnesylated, and Essential for Viability inᅠ Arabidopsis thaliana 

      McDonnell, Margaret M.; Burkhart, Sarah E.; Stoddard, Jerrad M.; Wright, Zachary J.; Strader, Lucia C.; Bartel, Bonnie (2016)
      Peroxisomes are single-membrane bound organelles that are essential for normal development in plants and animals. In mammals and yeast, the peroxin (PEX) proteins PEX3 and PEX19 facilitate the early steps of peroxisome ...
    • Periodic, Quasi-periodic and Chaotic Dynamics in Simple Gene Elements with Time Delays 

      Suzuki, Yoko; Lu, Mingyang; Ben-Jacob, Eshel; Onuchic, José N. (2016)
      Regulatory gene circuit motifs play crucial roles in performing and maintaining vital cellular functions. Frequently, theoretical studies of gene circuits focus on steady-state behaviors and do not include time delays. In ...
    • Adsorption and Unfolding of a Single Protein Triggers Nanoparticle Aggregation 

      Dominguez-Medina, Sergio; Kisley, Lydia; Tauzin, Lawrence J.; Hoggard, Anneli; Shuang, Bo; Indrasekara, A. Swarnapali D.S.; Chen, Sishan; Wang, Lin-Yung; Derry, Paul J.; Liopo, Anton; Zubarev, Eugene R.; Landes, Christy F.; Link, Stephan (2016)
      The response of living systems to nanoparticles is thought to depend on the protein corona, which forms shortly after exposure to physiological fluids and which is linked to a wide array of pathophysiologies. A mechanistic ...
    • Impacts of biochar concentration and particle size on hydraulic conductivity and DOC leaching of biochar-sand mixtures 

      Liu, Zuolin; Dugan, Brandon; Masiello, Caroline A.; Barnes, Rebecca T.; Gallagher, Morgan E.; Gonnermann, Helge (2016)
      The amendment of soil with biochar can sequester carbon and alter hydrologic properties by changing physical and chemical characteristics of soil. To understand the effect of biochar amendment on soil hydrology, we measured ...
    • Experiments towards size and dopant control of germanium quantum dots for solar applications 

      Oliva-Chatelain, Brittany L.; Barron, Andrew R. (2016)
      While the literature for the doping of silicon quantum dots (QDs) and nanocrystals (NCs) is extensive, reports of doping their germanium analogs are sparse. We report a range of attempts to dope Ge QDs both during and ...
    • Intermediate valence to heavy fermion through a quantum phase transition in Yb3(Rh1−xTx)4Ge13 (T=Co,Ir) single crystals 

      Rai, Binod K.; Oswald, Iain W.H.; Chan, Julia Y.; Morosan, E. (2016)
      Single crystals of Yb3(Rh1−xTx)4Ge13 (T=Co,Ir) have been grown using the self-flux method. Powder x-ray diffraction data on these compounds are consistent with the cubic structure with space group Pm3¯n. Intermediate-valence ...
    • Collective dynamics of processive cytoskeletal motors 

      McLaughlin, R. Tyler; Diehl, Michael R.; Kolomeisky, Anatoly B. (2016)
      Major cellular processes are supported by various biomolecular motors that usually operate together as teams. We present an overview of the collective dynamics of processive cytokeletal motor proteins based on recent ...
    • New Model for Understanding Mechanisms of Biological Signaling: Direct Transport via Cytonemes 

      Teimouri, Hamid; Kolomeisky, Anatoly B. (2016)
      Biological signaling is a crucial natural process that governs the formation of all multicellular organisms. It relies on efficient and fast transfer of information between different cells and tissues. It has been presumed ...
    • Tumor necrosis factor-α and interferon-γ stimulate MUC16 (CA125) expression in breast, endometrial and ovarian cancers through NFκB 

      Morgado, Micaela; Sutton, Margie N.; Simmons, Mary; Warren, Curtis R.; Lu, Zhen; Constantinou, Pamela E.; Liu, Jinsong; Francis, Lewis L.W.; Conlan, R. Steven; Bast, Robert C. Jr.; Carson, Daniel D. (2016)
      Transmembrane mucins (TMs) are restricted to the apical surface of normal epithelia. In cancer, TMs not only are over-expressed, but also lose polarized distribution. MUC16/CA125 is a high molecular weight TM carrying the ...
    • Synthesis and Photostability of Unimolecular Submersible Nanomachines: Toward Single-Molecule Tracking in Solution 

      García-López, Víctor; Jeffet, Jonathan; Kuwahara, Shunsuke; Martí, Angel A.; Ebenstein, Yuval; Tour, James M. (2016)
      The synthesis and photophysical properties of a series of photostable unimolecular submersible nanomachines (USNs) are reported as a first step toward the analysis of their trajectories in solution. The USNs have a ...
    • The effects of ER morphology on synaptic structure and function inDrosophila melanogaster 

      Summerville, James B.; Faust, Joseph F.; Fan, Ethan; Pendin, Diana; Daga, Andrea; Formella, Joseph; Stern, Michael; McNew, James A. (2016)
      Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a set of genetic diseases caused by mutations in one of 72 genes that results in age-dependent corticospinal axon degeneration accompanied by spasticity and paralysis. Two genes ...
    • Dicke superradiance in solids [Invited] 

      Cong, Kankan; Zhang, Qi; Wang, Yongrui; Noe, G. Timothy; Belyanin, Alexey; Kono, Junichiro (2016)
      Recent advances in optical studies of condensed matter systems have led to the emergence of a variety of phenomena that have conventionally been studied in the realm of quantum optics. These studies have not only deepened ...
    • Carbon nanotube fiber terahertz polarizer 

      Zubair, Ahmed; Tsentalovich, Dmitri E.; Young, Colin C.; Heimbeck, Martin S.; Everitt, Henry O.; Pasquali, Matteo; Kono, Junichiro (2016)
      Conventional, commercially available terahertz (THz) polarizers are made of uniformly and precisely spaced metallic wires. They are fragile and expensive, with performance characteristics highly reliant on wire diameters ...
    • Wafer-scale monodomain films of spontaneously aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes 

      He, Xiaowei; Gao, Weilu; Xie, Lijuan; Li, Bo; Zhang, Qi; Lei, Sidong; Robinson, John M.; Hároz, Erik H.; Doorn, Stephen K.; Wang, Weipeng; Vajtai, Robert; Ajayan, Pulickel M.; Adams, W. Wade; Hauge, Robert H.; Kono, Junichiro (2016)
      The one-dimensional character of electrons, phonons and excitons in individual single-walled carbon nanotubes leads to extremely anisotropic electronic, thermal and optical properties. However, despite significant efforts ...
    • Toward carbon nanotube-based imaging agents for the clinic 

      Hernández-Rivera, Mayra; Zaibaq, Nicholas G.; Wilson, Lon J. (2016)
      Among the many applications for carbon nanotubes (CNTs), their use in medicine has drawn special attention due to their potential for a variety of therapeutic and diagnostic applications. As progress toward clinical ...