Now showing items 58-77 of 1114

    • A Birman exact sequence for Aut(Fn) 

      Day, Matthew; Putman, Andrew (2012)
      The Birman exact sequence describes the effect on the mapping class group of a surface with boundary of gluing discs to the boundary components. We construct an analogous exact sequence for the automorphism group of a ...
    • Bismuth@US-tubes as a potential contrast agent for X-ray imaging applications 

      Rivera, Eladio J.; Tran, Lesa A.; Hernández-Rivera, Mayra; Yoon, Diana; Mikos, Antonios G.; Rusakova, Irene A.; Cheong, Benjamin Y.; Cabreira-Hansen, Maria da Graça; Willerson, James T.; Perin, Emerson C.; Wilson, Lon J. (2013)
      The encapsulation of bismuth as BiOCl/Bi2O3 within ultra-short (ca. 50 nm) single-walled carbon nanocapsules (US-tubes) has been achieved. The Bi@US-tubes have been characterized by high-resolution transmission electron ...
    • Blind Test of Methods for Obtaining 2-D Near-Surface Seismic Velocity Models from First-Arrival Traveltimes 

      Zelt, Colin A.; Haines, Seth; Powers, Michael H.; Sheehan, Jacob; Rohdewald, Siegfried; Link, Curtis; Hayashi, Koichi; Zhao, Don; Zhou, Hua-wei; Burton, Bethany L.; Petersen, Uni K.; Bonal, Nedra D.; Doll, William E. (2013-09)
      Seismic refraction methods are used in environmental and engineering studies to image the shallow subsurface. We present a blind test of inversion and tomographic refraction analysis methods using a synthetic first-arrival-time ...
    • Border patrol: Insights into the unique role of perlecan/heparan sulfate proteoglycan 2 at cell and tissue borders 

      Farach-Carson, Mary C.; Warren, Curtis R.; Harrington, Daniel A.; Carson, Daniel D. (2014)
      The extracellular matrix proteoglycan (ECM) perlecan, also known as heparan sulfate proteoglycan 2 or HSPG2, is one of the largest (>ᅠ200ᅠnm) and oldest (>ᅠ550ᅠMᅠyears) extracellular matrix molecules. In vertebrates, ...
    • Borel-Cantelli Sequences 

      Boshernitzan, Michael; Chaika, Jon (2012-06)
    • Bose-Einstein Condensation of 84Sr 

      Martinez de Escobar, Y.N.; Mickelson, P.G.; Yan, M.; DeSalvo, B.J.; Nagel, S.B.; Killian, T.C. (2009-11-09)
      We report Bose-Einstein condensation of Sr84 in an optical dipole trap. Efficient laser cooling on the narrow intercombination line and an ideal s-wave scattering length allow the creation of large condensates (N0∼3×105) ...
    • Bose-Einstein condensation of 88Sr through sympathetic cooling with 87Sr 

      Mickelson, P.G.; Martinez de Escobar, Y.N.; Yan, M.; DeSalvo, B.J.; Killian, T.C. (2010-05-05)
      We report Bose-Einstein condensation of Sr88, which has a small, negative s-wave scattering length (a88=−2a0). We overcome the poor evaporative cooling characteristics of this isotope by sympathetic cooling with Sr87 atoms. ...
    • Bose-Einstein condensation of lithium 

      Hulet, Randy G.; Bradley, Curtis C.; Sackett, C. A. (1997)
      Bose-Einstein condensation of 7Li has been studied in a magnetically trapped gas. Because of the effectively attractive interactions between 7Li atoms, many-body quantum theory predicts that the occupation number of the ...
    • Bose-Einstein Condensation of Lithium: Observation of Limited Condensate Number 

      Bradley, C.C.; Sackett, C.A.; Hulet, R.G. (1997)
      Bose-Einstein condensation of 7Li has been studied in a magnetically trapped gas. Because of the effectively attractive interactions between 7Li atoms, many-body quantum theory predicts that the occupation number of the ...
    • Bridging quantum and classical plasmonics with a quantum-corrected model 

      Esteban, Ruben; Borisov, Andrei G.; Nordlander, Peter; Aizpurua, Javier (2012)
      Electromagnetic coupling between plasmonic resonances in metallic nanoparticles allows for engineering of the optical response and generation of strong localized near-fields. Classical electrodynamics fails to describe ...
    • Bright matter wave solitons in Bose–Einstein condensates 

      Strecker, K.E.; Partridge, G.B.; Truscott, A.G.; Hulet, R.G. (2003)
      We review recent experimental and theoretical work on the creation of bright matter wave solitons in Bose–Einstein condensates. In two recent experiments, solitons are formed from Bose–Einstein condensates of  7Li by ...
    • Bright Soliton Trains of Trapped Bose-Einstein Condensates 

      Khawaja, U. Al; Stoof, H.T.C.; Hulet, R.G.; Strecker, K.E.; Partridge, G.B. (2002)
      We variationally determine the dynamics of bright soliton trains composed of harmonically trapped Bose-Einstein condensates with attractive interatomic interactions. In particular, we obtain the interaction potential between ...
    • BROADBAND SPECTRAL INVESTIGATIONS OF SGR J1550−5418 BURSTS 

      Lin, Lin; Baring, Matthew G.; Granot, Jonathan; Kouveliotou, Chryssa; Kaneko, Yuki; Van Der Horst, Alexander; Gruber, David; Von Kienlin, Andreas; Younes, George; Watts, Anna L.; Gehrels, Neil (2012)
      We present the results of our broadband spectral analysis of 42 SGR J1550−5418 bursts simultaneously detected with the Swift/X-ray Telescope (XRT) and the Fermi/Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM), during the 2009 January active ...
    • Broadband, Polarization-Sensitive Photodetector Based on Optically-Thick Films of Macroscopically Long, Dense, and Aligned Carbon Nanotubes 

      Nanot, Sebastien; Cummings, Aron W.; Pint, Cary L.; Ikeuchi, Akira; Akiho, Takafumi; Sueoka, Kazuhisa; Hauge, Robert H.; Leonard, François; Kono, Junichiro (2013)
      Increasing performance demands on photodetectors and solar cells require the development of entirely new materials and technological approaches.Wereport on the fabrication and optoelectronic characterization of a ...
    • Bulk induced phase transition in driven diffusive systems 

      Wang, Yu-Qing; Jiang, Rui; Kolomeisky, Anatoly B.; Hu, Mao-Bin (2014-06-24)
      This paper studies a weakly and asymmetrically coupled three-lane driven diffusive system. A non-monotonically changing density profile in the middle lane has been observed. When the extreme value of the density profile ...
    • Can Gap Tuning Schemes of Long-Range Corrected Hybrid Functionals Improve the Description of Hyperpolarizabilities? 

      Garza, Alejandro J.; Osman, Osman I.; Asiri, Abdullah M.; Scuseria, Gustavo E. (2014-09-02)
      Long-range corrected hybrid density functionals (LC-DFT), with range separation parameters optimally tuned to obey Koopmans' theorem, are used to calculate the first-order hyperpolarizabilities of prototypical charge-transfer ...
    • Can Short- and Middle-Range Hybrids Describe the Hyperpolarizabilities of Long-Range Charge-Transfer Compounds? 

      Garza, Alejandro J.; Wazzan, Nuha A.; Asiri, Abdullah M.; Scuseria, Gustavo E. (2014)
      The hyperpolarizabilities of five prototypical and four recently synthesized long-range charge-transfer (CT) organic compounds are calculated using short- and middle-range (SR and MR) hybrid functionals. These results are ...
    • Cancer-Related NEET Proteins Transfer 2Fe-2S Clusters to Anamorsin, a Protein Required for Cytosolic Iron-Sulfur Cluster Biogenesis 

      Lipper, Colin H.; Paddock, Mark L.; Onuchic, José N.; Mittler, Ron; Nechushtai, Rachel; Jennings, Patricia A. (2015)
      Iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis is executed by distinct protein assembly systems. Mammals have two systems, the mitochondrial Fe-S cluster assembly system (ISC) and the cytosolic assembly system (CIA), that are connected ...
    • Capturing static and dynamic correlations by a combination of projected Hartree-Fock and density functional theories 

      Garza, Alejandro J.; Jiménez-Hoyos, Carlos A.; Scuseria, Gustavo E. (2013)
      This paper explores the possibility of combining projected Hartree-Fock and density functional theories for treating static and dynamic correlations in molecular systems with mean-field computational cost. The combination ...
    • Cell-specific transmembrane injection of molecular cargo with gold nanoparticle-generated transient plasmonic nanobubbles 

      Lukianova-Hleb, Ekaterina Y.; Wagner, Daniel S.; Brenner, Malcolm K.; Lapotko, Dmitri O. (2012)
      Optimal cell therapies require efficient, selective and rapid delivery of molecular cargo into target cells without compromising their viability. Achieving these goals exᅠvivo in bulk heterogeneous multi-cell systems such ...