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  • Ring-locking enables selective anhydrosugar synthesis from carbohydrate pyrolysis 

    Chen, Li; Zhao, Jinmo; Pradhan, Sivaram; Brinson, Bruce E.; Scuseria, Gustavo E.; Zhang, Z. Conrad; Wong, Michael S. (2016)
    The selective production of platform chemicals from thermal conversion of biomass-derived carbohydrates is challenging. As precursors to natural products and drug molecules, anhydrosugars are difficult to synthesize from ...
  • New Main-Group-Element-Rich nido-Octahedral Cluster System: Synthesis and Characterization of [Et4N][Fe2(CO)6(μ3-As){μ3-EFe(CO)4}2] 

    Schipper, Desmond E.; Ikhlef, Djamila; Khalal, Samila; Saillard, Jean-Yves; Whitmire, Kenton H. (2016)
    A series of clusters of the form [Et4N][Fe2(CO)6(μ3-As)}(μ3-EFe(CO)4)], where E is either P or As, were synthesized from [Et4N]2[HAs{Fe(CO)4}3] and ECl3. AsCl3 gives the As-only compound; PCl3 produces compounds having two ...
  • Gadonanotube materials as new intracellular MRI contrast agents for stem cell labeling 

    Hernández-Rivera, Mayra; Wilson, Lon J. (2016)
    Stem cells possess great potential for different medical applications and every year more investigators join this field of study. As interest in stem cells has increased, it has become essential to track the cellsin vivo in ...
  • Crowding on DNA in Protein Search for Targets 

    Shvets, Alexey A.; Kolomeisky, Anatoly B. (2016)
    Proteins searching and recognizing specific sites on DNA is required for initiating all major biological processes. While the details of the protein search for targets on DNA in purified in vitro systems are reasonably ...
  • How to train your microbe: methods for dynamically characterizing gene networks 

    Castillo-Hair, Sebastian M.; Igoshin, Oleg A.; Tabor, Jeffrey J. (2015)
    Gene networks regulate biological processes dynamically. However, researchers have largely relied upon static perturbations, such as growth media variations and gene knockouts, to elucidate gene network structure and ...
  • Expression platforms for producing eukaryotic proteins: a comparison ofᅠE. coliᅠcell-based and wheat germ cell-free synthesis, affinity and solubility tags, and cloning strategies 

    Aceti, David J.; Bingman, Craig A.; Wrobel, Russell L.; Frederick, Ronnie O.; Makino, Shin-ichi; Nichols, Karl W.; Sahu, Sarata C.; Bergeman, Lai F.; Blommel, Paul G.; Cornilescu, Claudia C.; Gromek, Katarzyna A.; Seder, Kory D.; Hwang, Soyoon; Primm, John G.; Sabat, Grzegorz; Vojtik, Frank C.; Volkman, Brian F.; Zolnai, Zsolt; Phillips, George N. Jr.; Markley, John L.; Fox, Brian G. (2015)
    Vectors designed for protein production in Escherichia coli and by wheat germ cell-free translation were tested using 21 well-characterized eukaryotic proteins chosen to serve as controls within the context of a structural ...
  • A maximum pseudo-likelihood approach for phylogenetic networks 

    Yu, Yun; Nakhleh, Luay (2015-10-02)
    Abstract Background Several phylogenomic analyses have recently demonstrated the need to account simultaneously for incomplete lineage sorting (ILS) and hybridization when ...
  • Carbon nanotube fiber terahertz polarizer 

    Zubair, Ahmed; Tsentalovich, Dmitri E.; Young, Colin C.; Heimbeck, Martin S.; Everitt, Henry O.; Pasquali, Matteo; Kono, Junichiro (2016)
    Conventional, commercially available terahertz (THz) polarizers are made of uniformly and precisely spaced metallic wires. They are fragile and expensive, with performance characteristics highly reliant on wire diameters ...
  • Wafer-scale monodomain films of spontaneously aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes 

    He, Xiaowei; Gao, Weilu; Xie, Lijuan; Li, Bo; Zhang, Qi; Lei, Sidong; Robinson, John M.; Hároz, Erik H.; Doorn, Stephen K.; Wang, Weipeng; Vajtai, Robert; Ajayan, Pulickel M.; Adams, W. Wade; Hauge, Robert H.; Kono, Junichiro (2016)
    The one-dimensional character of electrons, phonons and excitons in individual single-walled carbon nanotubes leads to extremely anisotropic electronic, thermal and optical properties. However, despite significant efforts ...
  • Toward carbon nanotube-based imaging agents for the clinic 

    Hernández-Rivera, Mayra; Zaibaq, Nicholas G.; Wilson, Lon J. (2016)
    Among the many applications for carbon nanotubes (CNTs), their use in medicine has drawn special attention due to their potential for a variety of therapeutic and diagnostic applications. As progress toward clinical ...
  • Dicke superradiance in solids [Invited] 

    Cong, Kankan; Zhang, Qi; Wang, Yongrui; Noe, G. Timothy; Belyanin, Alexey; Kono, Junichiro (2016)
    Recent advances in optical studies of condensed matter systems have led to the emergence of a variety of phenomena that have conventionally been studied in the realm of quantum optics. These studies have not only deepened ...
  • FlowCal: A User-Friendly, Open Source Software Tool for Automatically Converting Flow Cytometry Data from Arbitrary to Calibrated Units 

    Castillo-Hair, Sebastian M.; Sexton, John T.; Landry, Brian P.; Olson, Evan J.; Igoshin, Oleg A.; Tabor, Jeffrey J. (2016)
    Flow cytometry is widely used to measure gene expression and other molecular biological processes with single cell resolution via fluorescent probes. Flow cytometers output data in arbitrary units (a.u.) that vary with the ...
  • Mode of Action of Antimicrobial Peptides on E. coli Spheroplasts 

    Sun, Yen; Sun, Tzu-Lin; Huang, Huey W. (2016)
    We investigated the phenomena of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) directly attacking the cytoplasmic membranes of Escherichia coli spheroplasts. We developed a procedure for fluorescence recovery after photobleaching to examine ...
  • Comparative Study of the Condensing Effects of Ergosterol and Cholesterol 

    Hung, Wei-Chin; Lee, Ming-Tao; Chung, Hsien; Sun, Yi-Ting; Chen, Hsiung; Charron, Nicholas E.; Huang, Huey W. (2016)
    Cholesterol, due to its condensing effect, is considered an important regulator of membrane thickness. Other sterols, due to their structural similarities to cholesterol, are often assumed to have a universal effect on ...
  • Chiral and Achiral Nanodumbbell Dimers: The Effect of Geometry on Plasmonic Properties 

    Smith, Kyle W.; Zhao, Hangqi; Zhang, Hui; Sánchez -Iglesias, Ana; Grzelczak, Marek; Wang, Yumin; Chang, Wei-Shun; Nordlander, Peter; Liz-Marzán, Luis; Link, Stephan (2016)
    Metal nanoparticles with a dumbbell-like geometry have plasmonic properties similar to those of their nanorod counterparts, but the unique steric constraints induced by their enlarged tips result in distinct geometries ...
  • Enhancement of the Electron Spin Resonance of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes by Oxygen Removal 

    Rice, William D.; Weber, Ralph T.; Leonard, Ashley D.; Tour, James M.; Nikolaev, Pavel; Arepalli, Sivaram; Berka, Vladimir; Tsai, Ah-Lim; Kono, Junichiro (2012)
    We have observed a nearly 4-fold increase in the electron spin resonance (ESR) signal from an ensemble of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) due to oxygen desorption. By performing temperature-dependent ESR spectroscopy ...
  • Strain-Driven Approach to Quantum Criticality in AFe2As2 with A=K, Rb, and Cs 

    Eilers, Felix; Grube, Kai; Zocco, Diego A.; Wolf, Thomas; Merz, Michael; Schweiss, Peter; Heid, Rolf; Eder, Robert; Yu, Rong; Zhu, Jian-Xin; Si, Qimiao; Shibauchi, Takasada; Löhneysen, Hilbert v. (2016)
    The iron-based superconductors AFe2As2 with A=K, Rb, Cs exhibit large Sommerfeld coefficients approaching those of heavy-fermion systems. We have investigated the magnetostriction and thermal expansion of this series to ...
  • Synthetic-gauge-field stabilization of the chiral-spin-liquid phase 

    Chen, Gang; Hazzard, Kaden R. A.; Rey, Ana Maria; Hermele, Michael (2016)
    We explore the phase diagram of the SU(N) Hubbard models describing fermionic alkaline-earth-metal atoms in a square optical lattice with, on average, one atom per site, using a slave rotor mean-field approach. We find ...
  • Notch-Jagged signalling can give rise to clusters of cells exhibiting a hybrid epithelial/mesenchymal phenotype 

    Boareto, Marcelo; Jolly, Mohit Kumar; Goldman, Aaron; Pietilä, Mika; Mani, Sendurai A.; Sengupta, Shiladitya; Ben-Jacob, Eshel; Levine, Herbert; Onuchic, José N. (2016)
    Metastasis can involve repeated cycles of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and its reverse mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition. Cells can also undergo partial transitions to attain a hybrid epithelial/mesenchymal ...
  • Ultrathin AAO Membrane as a Generic Template for Sub-100 nm Nanostructure Fabrication 

    Robatjazi, Hossein; Bahauddin, Shah Mohammad; Macfarlan, Luke H.; Fu, Sidan; Thomann, Isabell (2016)
    Anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) templates are emerging as a platform for simple, cost-effective, high-throughput top-down nanofabrication of regular arrays of nanostructures. Thus far, however, AAO pattern transfer has largely ...

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