dc.creator Eveland, Jeffrey Robert 2007-05-09T20:19:04Z 2007-05-09T20:19:04Z 1996 https://hdl.handle.net/1911/16925 Structural studies on solvated adducts of bismuth (III) chloride have demonstrated the ability of the main group element to form multiple bonding contacts, giving "hypervalent" complexes. Similar interactions are observed in almost all aspects of the chemistry of the heavy main group elements. The reaction of $\rm \lbrack Bi\sb2Co\sb4(CO)11\rbrack\sp{1{-}}$ with $\rm Mo(CO)\sb3(\eta\sp6$-$\rm C\sb6H\sb5Me)$ in tetrahydrofuran yields an unidentified cluster product which, upon slow oxidation with molecular dioxygen or mild metal-organic oxidants yields the two large cluster species, $\rm \lbrack Bi\sb4CO\sb9(CO)\sb8(\mu$-$\rm CO)\sb8\rbrack\sp{2{-}}$ and $\rm \lbrack Bi\sb8Co\sb{14}(CO)\sb{12}(\mu$-$\rm CO)\sb8\rbrack\sp{2{-}}.$ These cluster products contain arrays of metal atoms in the cluster framework which are reminiscent of close-packed solid-state intermetallics. Halogenation of the bismuth-iron cluster $\rm \lbrack Bi\sb4Fe\sb4(CO)\sb{13}\rbrack\sp{2{-}}$ has been performed using the phosphine halide reagent, MePCl$\sb2.$ With the addition of one equivalent of the reagent, two compounds are produced in an approximately 3:1 ratio, respectively: $\rm \lbrack Fe\sb2(CO)\sb6(\mu$-$\rm H)Bi\sb2\{\mu$-$\rm Fe(CO)\sb4\}\rbrack\sp-$ and $\rm \lbrack Bi\sb3Cl\sb4(\mu$-$\rm Cl)\sb4\{\mu\sb3$-$\rm Fe(CO)\sb3\}\rbrack\sp{3{-}}.$ Upon the addition of a second equivalent of reagent, the latter compound apparently decomposes; however the former is converted into the related dichloro-cluster, $\rm \lbrack Fe\sb2CO)\sb6(\mu$-$\rm H)Bi\sb2(\mu$-$\rm Cl)\sb2\rbrack\sp-.$ Addition of yet more reagent results in the formation of the bismuth chloride-iron carbonyl adduct $\rm \lbrack Bi\sb2Cl\sb4(\mu$-$\rm Cl)\sb2\{ \mu$-$\rm Fe(CO)\sb4\}\rbrack\sp{2{-}}$ at the expense of the dichloride cluster. This latter complex may also be produced quantitatively by reaction of $\rm \lbrack Fe(CO)\rbrack\sp{2{-}}$ with two equivalents of BiCl$\sb3$ in MeCN. The reaction of the tellurium-iron cluster $\rm Te\sb2Fe\sb3(CO)\sb9$ with SO$\sb2$Cl$\sb2$ yields a variety of products, depending on the reaction stoichiometry and the solvent employed in the synthesis. In CH$\sb2$Cl$\sb2$ at a ratio of 1:2, respectively, the large dimeric complex $\rm \lbrack Fe\sb2(CO)\sb6(\mu$-$\rm Cl)(\mu$-$\rm TeCl)\sb2\rbrack\sb2\lbrack Te\sb2Cl\sb{10}\rbrack$ is formed, which decomposes in solution to the Zintl-ion complex $\rm \lbrack Fe\sb2(CO)\sb6(\mu$-$\rm TeCl\sb2)(\eta\sp2$-$\mu\sb2$-$\mu\sb2$-Te$\sb4 )\rbrack.$ In MeCN at a ratio of 1:1, the previously reported tetrahedral cluster Te$\sb2$Fe$\sb2$(CO)$\sb6$ is produced, which reacts with additional reagent to yield a complex thought to be $\rm \lbrack Fe\sb2(CO)\sb6(\mu$-$\rm TeCl)\sb2(\mu$-$\rm Cl)\rbrack$ from spectroscopic evidence. This cluster in turn decomposes in solution to $\rm \lbrack Fe\sb2(CO)\sb6(\mu$-$\rm TeCl\sb2)(\eta\sp2$-$\mu\sb2$-$\mu\sb2$-Te$\sb4)\rbrack$ like the first compound. Different products result if the solvent system is again changed to SO$\sb2$/Me$\sb2$CO at $-$30$\sp\circ$C. Although these unstable products have not been structurally characterized, a fair amount of other analytical and spectroscopic data have been obtained. The bromination of Te$\sb2$Fe$\sb3$(CO)$\sb9$ with CBr$\sb4$ has also been performed in MeCN, giving initially Te$\sb2$Fe$\sb2$(CO)$\sb6;$ however, upon reaction with more CBr$\sb4$ over a few weeks time at 0$\sp\circ$C, the novel cubane-like cluster $\rm \lbrack Fe\sb3(CO)\sb9Te\sb4(\mu\sb3$-$\rm CTeBr\sb4)\rbrack$ results in low to moderate yields of 30-65% based on Te. Theoretical calculations by the extended Huckel method have been performed on some model systems, and have provided valuable insight into the underlying bonding arrangements giving rise to the sometimes-unexpected stability and structural features of these products. application/pdf eng Inorganic chemistry Synthetic, structural and bonding studies of main group-transition metal carbonyl clusters Thesis Text Chemistry Natural Sciences Rice University Doctoral Doctor of Philosophy Eveland, Jeffrey Robert. "Synthetic, structural and bonding studies of main group-transition metal carbonyl clusters." (1996) Diss., Rice University. https://hdl.handle.net/1911/16925.
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