The incremental contribution of the selection interview in college admissions
Dipboye, Robert L.
Doctor of Philosophy
The issue of the incremental contribution of the interview in selection has received scant attention in the literature. The present study was conducted to investigate two questions; The extent to which ratings made on the basis of the interview and on paper-credentials tap similar constructs, and the extent to which the interview provides any incremental contribution over paper credentials to the prediction of a selection decision. 506 applicants to an undergraduate program at a small, private, southwestern university were independently evaluated on the basis of an interview, and paper credentials. Ratings were made of applicant motivation and oral communication in both conditions. Information on applicant SAT scores, class rank, sex, race, attractiveness, and essay were also obtained from the application folder. Interview ratings were found to tap different constructs from the evaluation of paper credentials, and to provide different and non-redundant information. However, although the interview did provide some incremental contribution in predicting the first-phase selection decision, it provided no incremental variance in predicting the final decision by the admissions committee to accept, wait-list, or reject applicants. Implications of the present findings, as well as, future research directions are discussed.
Industrial psychology; Higher education