ACTIVATION OF AMMONIA, SECONDARY, AND TERTIARY AMINES BY GROUP IIA AND FIRST ROW MIDDLE AND LATE TRANSITION METAL ATOMS AND CLUSTERS
RAO, NANCY ANN
Doctor of Philosophy
Activation of ammonia and amines occurs during metal vapor synthesis at cryogenic temperatures. The Group IIA metal atoms: magnesium, calcium, strontium, and barium, and the transition metal atoms: chromium, manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, and zinc react with amines and ammonia. Copper metal atoms do not react. Methane and hydrogen are evoved during warming of the Mn/(CH(,3))(,3)N matrix; methane is evolved during warming of the Mn/(CH(,3)CH(,2))(,3)N matrix. Hydrolysis of the cocondensates yields saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons, and in some cases, hydrogen is formed. The reaction of certain cocondensates with unsaturated compounds yields hydrogenated products.