Scintillation detector development for the solenoidal tracker at RHIC (STAR) and the CEBAF large acceptance spectrometer (CLAS)
Taylor, Simon John
Mutchler, Gordon S.
Master of Arts
After a brief introduction describing some of the physics and mechanics of scintillation detection, results of the development for the Central Trigger Barrel (CTB) for STAR and the Start Counter for CLAS are discussed. For the CTB development, 1 cm x 20 cm x 100 cm scintillators were studied with light guides of various geometries and materials attached to one end in order to optimize the uniformity and overall gain. The best results were obtained using a 61$\sp\circ$ OP-1 light guide attached to a BC 408 scintillator. An alternate approach using a wavelength shifter produces much lower pulse heights than the other method. The CEBAF scintillators are intended to enclose the target area in order to identify the beam bucket for a particular event with timing resolution of 350 ps or less. Single paddle and coupled-paddle approaches are discussed. The coupled-paddle approach meets the design goals.