The effect of personal predisposition on the enactment of a leadership strategy
Vandersand, Erica White
Dipboye, Robert L.
Master of Arts
The present study examines the effect of personal predispositions, including personality and leadership strategy preference, on the enactment of leadership strategies. The extent to which self-monitoring ability moderates the effect of personal predispositions was also examined. Results showed that masculine individuals enacted leadership strategies more effectively than feminine individuals. Results also showed that congruence between the situation and the leadership strategy was related to the effective enactment of a leadership strategy. However, individuals were able to effectively switch leadership strategies when asked to do so, despite the situation. Predispositions had some relationship to the ability to switch leadership strategies from meeting to meeting. Although individuals were able to switch strategies, they tended to enact the strategy congruent with the situation more effectively than they enacted the strategy that was incongruent with the situation. Self-monitoring did not moderate any of the relationships examined.
Industrial psychology; Management; Business administration; Psychology