Multinuclei coherent effects on the widths and energy shifts on low energy neutron resonance
Trammell, George T.
Master of Science
The exponentially decaying semi-stationary states of an assembly of identical classical radiators can have decay rates and resonant frequencies significantly different from that of an isolated radiator. These coherent effects on classical radiators emitting classical waves apply also to the particle processes in quantum limits, leading to the superradiant and subradiant modes with widths(decay rates) greatly enhanced or suppressed and resonant energies significantly shifted. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate these coherent effects on slow neutron-heavy nuclei interaction. A simple field model is introduced to show the coherent effects on the decay rates and resonant energies of two identical decaying states and on the neutron widths and resonant energies of neutron-two nuclei scattering. The latter case is also obtained by multiple scattering theory and is extended to a more general case of neutron-N nuclei scattering. The coherent effects on neutron width near Bragg angle in a crystal are also investigated.
Condensed matter physics; Physics; Nuclear physics