Factors influencing the proportion of women nominated and elected to the legislatures of eleven western democracies
Frazier, Mary Kathyrn
Master of Arts
The pertinent literature concerning explanatory variables affecting the selection and election of women in western democratic legislatures is reviewed. A cross-national study of eleven western democracies, from 1960 through 1990, finds significant influence of party executive quotas on the number of women nominated and elected in the countries studied, although there is no predictable time lag evident. An empirical study was conducted on the effects of country, ideology, and yeargroup on: (1) the proportion of women on party executive committees, (2) the proportion of women nominated, and (3) the proportion of women elected to the national legislatures. Results indicated a statistically significant difference for each factor. The study shows there is little substantive difference between parties of the left and parties of the non-left in terms of effect on the number of women on party executive committees, nominated, or elected to national legislatures.