A triple approximation to the concept of aspect in Spanish
Urrutibeheity, Hector N.
Master of Arts
The present analysis studies aspect from a triple perspective: morphological, semantic and syntactic. This division aims at clarifying the concept of aspect, accounting for the traditional dichotomy Imperfect/Preterit tense in Spanish. In contrast to those authors who consider the above categories as separate entities, we claim that the term aspect should be studied as an interaction of the three categories in the following sequence: (1) Morphological/semantic interaction. This interaction shows that the situation a verb expresses (whether durative, punctual, iterative, etc.) may be influenced by the choice of the Imperfect or the Preterit. (2) Morphological/syntactic interaction. This interaction illustrates that the choice of the Imperfect or the Preterit tenses involves different sentential components, mainly subject and adverbials. (3) Semantic/syntactic interaction. This interaction reveals that the situation a verb designates may be affected by elements of the sentence such as subject, direct and indirect object, adverbials and periphrastic verb forms.