On the basis of merit alone: Integration, tuition, Rice University, and the charter change trial, 1963-1966
Gantz, Kerri Danielle
Boles, John B.
Master of Arts
This thesis is a study of Rice University's struggle to integrate and charge tuition to its students. In 1891 William Marsh Rice established the charter that founded Rice University. As the school developed, however, the Board of Trustees found it difficult to follow the charter's restrictions against admitting non-white students or charging tuition. The board was struggling to uphold the wishes of the founder while also adapting Rice to changing social and economic conditions. In 1962 Rice began legal action to reinterpret the charter. The board believed that permission to integrate and charge tuition was vital in Rice's efforts to remain a leading educational institution. As a result, the trustees argued that these restrictions prevented realization of the founder's main intention of creating and maintaining a first class university. This action was successful, and with the court's permission, Rice began to integrate and charge tuition in 1965.
American history; Black history; History of education