An apparatus for electron impact ionization cross-section measurements
Renault, Pascal Dominique
Stebbings, R. F.
Master of Science
Cross sections for electron impact ionization of molecules and rare gases are necessary for the modeling of phenomena related to the earth's upper atmosphere and to plasmas. The construction of an apparatus to improve the accuracy of measurements of such cross sections is reported. The ions are produced in a static gas target crossed by an electron beam and are counted with a new ion detector technology, which insures a increased accuracy of the ion flux measurement and of the target length. The target gas density is measured using an ionization gauge calibrated against a high accuracy capacitive transducer. This apparatus also features a pulsed mode of operation, which allows a product analysis through time of flight measurement.
Molecular physics; Astronomy; Astrophysics; Atmospheric sciences