Satyrica signa: A Campana relief from the Via Gabina Villa at Site 10 (Italy)
Williams, Cornelia C.
Widrig, Walter M.
Master of Arts
This thesis considers one Campana relief fragment, depicting two satyrs looking into a basin with a lion's head above and between them, found at the Site 10 Roman villa, and explores its form, meaning and context. Comparisons with other Campana reliefs depicting the same scene indicate that stylistic criteria are not always sufficient for dating the reliefs. Archaeological evidence (brickstamps and wine-making press) from Phase IIa of the villa would indicate a structural and functional expansion of the villa c.40 A.D. On the basis of this archaeological evidence and comparison of the fragment with others from Site 10, especially with one dated to c.50 A.D., a similar date is offered for the selected fragment, as well as the others from Site 10. A suggestion is made, on the basis of iconography, for placing the relief to which the selected fragment belongs above the southern entrance of the Phase IIa villa.
Anthropology; Archaeology; Fine arts