Effects of commitment to preinterview impressions in employment interviews
Guadagno, Norman Scott
Dipboye, Robert L.
Master of Arts
The interview is one of the most widely used instruments of selection available, yet it has been shown to have both poor reliability and validity. Numerous models of the interview process have attempted to both explain and improve these reliabilities and validities. One model, the Process Model (Dipboye, 1982; 1985), appears to hold promise as such a tool. Focusing on one prediction of the Process Model, the present project investigated the hypotheses that interviewer commitment to preinterview information will effect the impressions formed about candidates and the memory for information from the interview. Commitment was manipulated at three levels by varying the explicitness of inferences made about candidates during the preinterview phase. Subjects viewed interviews with three candidates and then completed a series of postinterview impression and memory measures. Commitment was found to effect postinterview impressions, but failed to show any effect on postinterview recognition and recall. Implications for the Process Model and the interview are discussed.