THE EVOLUTION OF LOW-INCOME HOUSING ALTERNATIVES IN THE CONTEXT OF RAPID URBAN GROWTH: A CASE STUDY OF BOGOTA, COLOMBIA
MACKENZIE, JAMES RUSSELL
Master of Architecture
In Bogota, demand for low-income housing outgrows supply by legal and illegal sectors imposing a burden on the process of urbanization and the urban poor's residential environment. To improve this situation requires alternative physical and programmatic solutions to reduce the impact of uncontrolled physical growth, social alienation and a mere quantitative view of the issue. Hence, reinterpretation and changes in the formulation of government policy, the structure of public expenditure and the manipulation of the agents of change at the urban design level are necessary. The magnitude of current problems in the provision of low-income housing and their impact on the process of urbanization was established. Strategies and policies employed to resolve these problems were documented. The outcome of low-income housing provision developments were analyzed and alternative approaches suggested. While there are many lessons to be drawn from the analysis, an understanding emerged, that efforts within Bogota need to be directed towards greater optimization of: urban land resources by densification, human manpower, materials and organizational ability of low-income groups.