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dc.contributor.authorZhao, Huan
Zheng, Chuantao
Pi, Mingquan
Liang, Lei
Song, Fang
Zhang, Yu
Wang, Yiding
Tittel, Frank K.
dc.date.accessioned 2022-09-29T15:06:32Z
dc.date.available 2022-09-29T15:06:32Z
dc.date.issued 2022
dc.identifier.citation Zhao, Huan, Zheng, Chuantao, Pi, Mingquan, et al.. "On-chip mid-infrared silicon-on-insulator waveguide methane sensor using two measurement schemes at 3.291 μm." Frontiers in Chemistry, 10, (2022) Frontiers Media S.A.: https://doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2022.953684.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/113441
dc.description.abstract Portable or even on-chip detection of methane (CH4) is significant for environmental protection and production safety. However, optical sensing systems are usually based on discrete optical elements, which makes them unsuitable for the occasions with high portability requirement. In this work, we report on-chip silicon-on-insulator (SOI) waveguide CH4 sensors at 3.291 μm based on two measurement schemes including direct absorption spectroscopy (DAS) and wavelength modulation spectroscopy (WMS). In order to suppress noise, Kalman filter was adopted in signal processing. By optimizing the waveguide cross-section structure, an etch depth of 220 nm was selected with an experimentally high power confinement factor (PCF) of 23% and a low loss of only 0.71 dB/cm. A limit of detection (LoD) of 155 parts-per-million (ppm) by DAS and 78 ppm by WMS at an averaging time of 0.2 s were obtained for a 2 cm-long waveguide sensor. Compared to the chalcogenide (ChG) waveguide CH4 sensors at the same wavelength, the reported sensor reveals the minimum waveguide loss and the lowest LoD. Therefore the SOI waveguide sensor has the potential of on-chip gas sensing in the mid-infrared (MIR) waveband.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Frontiers Media S.A.
dc.rights This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title On-chip mid-infrared silicon-on-insulator waveguide methane sensor using two measurement schemes at 3.291 μm
dc.type Journal article
dc.citation.journalTitle Frontiers in Chemistry
dc.citation.volumeNumber 10
dc.identifier.digital fchem-10-953684
dc.type.dcmi Text
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2022.953684
dc.type.publication publisher version
dc.citation.articleNumber 953684


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