Now showing items 1-20 of 66

    • Accelerating U.S. Advanced Manufacturing 

      Advanced Manufacturing Partnership 2.0 Working Group; Reif, Rafael; Liveris, Andrew; Jackson, Shirley Ann; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); (2014-10)
      The U.S. manufacturing sector draws its strength from a multitude of tightly linked capabilities contributed by the private sector, academia, and workforce. The broad public-private coalition that emerged from renewed investment in American advanced manufacturing is the foundation for continuing the U.S. global leadership across industrial sectors. ...
    • Achieving the Promise of the Bioscience Revolution: The Role of the Federal Government 

      PCAST Panel on Bioscience and Biotechnology; Nathans, Daniel, Borlaug, Norman; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; Borlaug, Norman; (1992-12)
      Increased federal investment in the bioscience promotes public health and helps foster a vigorous domestic biotechnology industry. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) examined several facets of federal bioscience policy, including research and development (R&D), education, technology transfer, regulation, and protection ...
    • Action Needed to Protect Against Biological Attack 

      President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology; Austin, Wanda M.; Bierbaum, Rosina; Cassel, Christine; Chyba, Christopher; (2016-11)
      While the recent and ongoing growth of biotechnology is a great boon for society, new technological advances also hold serious potential for destructive use by both states and technically-competent individuals with access to modern laboratory facilities. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) argues that the current ...
    • Addendum to the PCAST Report on Forensic Science in Criminal Courts 

      President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; Austin, Wanda M.; Bierbaum, Rosina; Cassel, Christine; (2017-01-06)
      This letter responds to stakeholder input concerning the 2016 PCAST report “Forensic Science in Criminal Courts: Ensuring Scientific Validity of Feature-Comparison Methods.” PCAST reaffirms its commitment to the need for empirically validated scientific evidence of existing forensic practices. PCAST also urges the forensic science community to establish ...
    • Addendum: Assessment of the NNI Strategy for Nanotechnology-Related Environmental, Health, and Safety Research 

      President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; Ackerman, F. Duane; Anderson, Paul M.; Arntzen, Charles J.; (2008-07-22)
      In February 2008, the National Science and Technology Council Subcommittee on Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology (NSET) released “National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI): Strategy for Nanotechnology-Related Environmental, Health, and Safety (EHS) Research.” The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), in its ...
    • Aging America & Hearing Loss: Imperative of Improved Hearing Technologies 

      President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology; Austin, Wanda M.; Bierbaum, Rosina; Cassel, Christine; Chyba, Christopher; (2015-10)
      Age-related hearing loss is a problem for many older Americans, yet widespread adoption of hearing aids are obstructed by high costs, low innovation, and numerous access barriers. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) recommends that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) adjust regulations to allow for over-the-counter ...
    • Assessing the U.S R&D Investments 

      PCAST Panel on Federal Investment in Science and Technology and Its National Benefits; Clough, G. Wayne; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; Arntzen, Charles; (2002-10-16)
      While funding from the federal government has enabled significant economic growth through research and development (R&D) investments, action is required to ensure that the United States continues this growth and long-standing leadership in science and technology. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) recommends that ...
    • Better Health Care and Lower Costs: Accelerating Improvement Through Systems Engineering 

      PCAST Systems Engineering in Health Care Working Group; Cassel, Christine; Savitz, Maxine; Penhoet, Ed; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); (2014-05)
      Systems engineering has the potential to improve the accessibility, affordability, and quality of healthcare in the United States. As the Affordable Care Act (ACA) increases the number of insured persons, healthcare institutions need to implement new strategies for expanding access to care, especially small-scale institutions with limited resources ...
    • Big Data: A Technological Perspective 

      PCAST Big Data and Privacy Working Group; Graham, Susan L.; Press, William; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; (2014-05)
      Advances in data collection and analysis on a large scale—termed “big data”—often outpace measures required to protect the privacy of the users that generate such data. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) argues that since technology cannot ensure adequate privacy by itself, policy must be implemented to protect ...
    • Biodiversity: Connecting with the Tapestry of Life 

      President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); Alonso, Alfonso; Dallmeier, Francisco; Granek, Elise; Raven, Peter H.; (2001)
      Biodiversity, a term used to describe the variety of Earth’s organisms and the ecosystems they inhabit, is vital to the health of the planet and its inhabitants. Expanding human populations and increased consumption have precipitated a decline in biodiversity, causing disruption in ecosystems and the economies dependent on them. The President’s ...
    • Building Out Broadband 

      PCAST 21st Infrastructure Panel; Fox, Marye Anne; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; Arntzen, Charles; (2002-12-13)
      Broadband connectivity, despite being one of the most important information technology advancements of the early 21 century, has yet to reach its potential or its demand from the economy. Broadband connectivity is projected to increase U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) by $500 billion annually by increasing labor productivity across broad sectors of ...
    • Combating Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria 

      PCAST Antibiotic Resistance Working Group; Lander, Eric; Chyba, Christopher; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; (2014-09)
      Effectively combating antibiotic resistance requires a strategy of continual surveillance and analysis of resistant bacteria and an accelerated research and development (R&D) cycle for new antibiotics. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) recommends that the federal government take steps to increase resistant bacteria ...
    • Ensuring Leadership in Federally Funded Research and Development in Information Technology 

      PCAST NITRD Working Group; Graham, Susan L.; Hager, Gregory D.; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; (2015-08)
      The Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) program was established in 1991 to lead federal government efforts in research and development (R&D) of new information technologies (IT). In this 2015 review of the program, the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) focuses on eight areas of IT ...
    • Ensuring Long-Term U.S. Leadership in Semiconductors 

      PCAST Ensuring Long-Term U.S. Leadership in Semiconductors Working Group; Holdren, John; Otellini, Paul; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; (2017-01)
      United States leadership in the global semiconductor market can only be maintained by innovating faster than international competitors. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) argues that the United States will not only have to adapt to changing markets and increase innovation, but also contend with Chinese industrial ...
    • Federal-State R&D Cooperation: Improving the Likelihood of Success 

      President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; Arntzen, Charles; Augustine, Norman R.; Bartz, Carol; (2004-06-24)
      Strong cooperation between federal and state governments on the research and development (R&D) of new technologies generates value and economic benefits for both parties. However, federal-state partnerships often lack comprehensive strategies and best practices designed to maximize benefits of both parties; consequently, such cooperative efforts ...
    • Forensic Science in Criminal Courts: Ensuring Scientific Validity of Feature-Comparison Methods 

      PCAST Working Group; Lander, Eric S.; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; Austin, Wanda M.; (2016-09)
      Developments in forensic science over the past two decades have called increasing attention to the question of the validity and reliability of some important forms of forensic evidence and of testimony based upon them. In response to President Barack Obama’s charge to identify additional actions to strengthen forensic science, the President’s Council ...
    • High Performance Computing and Communications Panel Report 

      PCAST Panel on High Performance Computing and Communications; Buchsbaum, Solomon; Gomory, Ralph; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; (1992-12)
      The High Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) Initiative was launched in 1992 by President George H.W. Bush in an effort to secure and extend U.S. leadership in advanced technologies. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology’s (PCAST) assesses HPCC’s program activities along four central issues: program strategy; ...
    • Independence, Technology, and Connection in Older Age 

      PCAST Independence, Technology, and Connection for Older Adults Working Group; Cassel, Christine; Penhoet, Ed; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; (2016-03)
      Technology has played an important role in increasing life expectancy, but it also has an important role to play in increasing the quality of life, by maximizing Americans’ ability to function in their later years. Following up from their 2015 report, “Aging America & Hearing Loss: Imperative of Improved Hearing Technologies,” the President’s Council ...
    • Information Technology for Targeting Job-Skills Training and Matching Talent to Jobs 

      President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology; Bierbaum, Rosina; Cassel, Christine; Chyba, Christopher; Gates, S. James Jr.; (2014-09)
      The middle-skill jobs of the U.S. workforce—jobs that typically require two-year degrees or certifications—employ the most Americans and, consequently, require special attention to ensure effective adaptation to changing workplace demands. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) argues that the comfortability with ...
    • Leadership Under Challenge: Information Technology R&D in a Competitive World: An Assessment of the Federal Networking and Information Technology R&D Program 

      Subcommittee on Networking and Information Technology; Scalise, George; Reed, Daniel A.; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; (2007-08-10)
      The Federal Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) program coordinates all unclassified federally funded research and development (R&D) activities in networking and information technology. In this assessment of the program, the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) examines some of the ...