Now showing items 1-20 of 66

    • Addendum to the PCAST Report on Forensic Science in Criminal Courts 

      President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; Austin, Wanda M.; Bierbaum, Rosina; Cassel, Christine; (2017-01-06)
      This letter responds to stakeholder input concerning the 2016 PCAST report “Forensic Science in Criminal Courts: Ensuring Scientific Validity of Feature-Comparison Methods.” PCAST reaffirms its commitment to the need for empirically validated scientific evidence of existing forensic practices. PCAST also urges the forensic science community to establish ...
    • Ensuring Long-Term U.S. Leadership in Semiconductors 

      PCAST Ensuring Long-Term U.S. Leadership in Semiconductors Working Group; Holdren, John; Otellini, Paul; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; (2017-01)
      United States leadership in the global semiconductor market can only be maintained by innovating faster than international competitors. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) argues that the United States will not only have to adapt to changing markets and increase innovation, but also contend with Chinese industrial ...
    • Letter Report on the Sixth Assessment of the National Nanotechnology Initiative 

      President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; Austin, Wanda M.; Bierbaum, Rosina; Cassel, Christine; (2017-01)
      The National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) was established in 2001 to lead federal government research and development (R&D) efforts in nanoscale technologies and has since become one of its most successful government-wide R&D initiatives. In this sixth review of the NNI, the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) finds ...
    • Science and Technology to Ensure the Safety of the Nation’s Drinking Water 

      PCAST Science and Technology to Ensure the Safety of the Nation's Drinking Water - Working Group; Bierbaum, Rosina; Cassel, Christine; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; (2016-12)
      Despite the weaknesses of damaged or outdated infrastructure, new advances in science and technology can be utilized to develop safe and reliable methods for monitoring and treating water systems to ensure clean drinking water. Responding to the Flint, Michigan water crisis that began in 2014, the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and ...
    • Action Needed to Protect Against Biological Attack 

      President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology; Austin, Wanda M.; Bierbaum, Rosina; Cassel, Christine; Chyba, Christopher; (2016-11)
      While the recent and ongoing growth of biotechnology is a great boon for society, new technological advances also hold serious potential for destructive use by both states and technically-competent individuals with access to modern laboratory facilities. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) argues that the current ...
    • Forensic Science in Criminal Courts: Ensuring Scientific Validity of Feature-Comparison Methods 

      PCAST Working Group; Lander, Eric S.; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; Austin, Wanda M.; (2016-09)
      Developments in forensic science over the past two decades have called increasing attention to the question of the validity and reliability of some important forms of forensic evidence and of testimony based upon them. In response to President Barack Obama’s charge to identify additional actions to strengthen forensic science, the President’s Council ...
    • Independence, Technology, and Connection in Older Age 

      PCAST Independence, Technology, and Connection for Older Adults Working Group; Cassel, Christine; Penhoet, Ed; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; (2016-03)
      Technology has played an important role in increasing life expectancy, but it also has an important role to play in increasing the quality of life, by maximizing Americans’ ability to function in their later years. Following up from their 2015 report, “Aging America & Hearing Loss: Imperative of Improved Hearing Technologies,” the President’s Council ...
    • Technology and the Future of Cities 

      PCAST Cities Working Group; Gorenberg, Mark; Mundie, Craig; Schmidt, Eric; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); (2016-02)
      Creating new “smart cities” that incorporate innovative information and communication technologies could lead to more efficient use of infrastructure systems, such as energy and water management. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) argues that using data-driven technologies is an effective measure to improve cities, ...
    • Report on Private Sector Efforts in Adaptation to Climate Change 

      President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology; Austin, Wanda M.; Bierbaum, Rosina; Cassel, Christine; Chyba, Christopher; (2015-11)
      Adaptation to climate change is an ongoing goal of public sector initiatives, but it is not afforded a similar priority in the private sector. Building on their 2013 letter to the President on climate change, the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) finds that private sector entities place limited value on adapting to ...
    • Aging America & Hearing Loss: Imperative of Improved Hearing Technologies 

      President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology; Austin, Wanda M.; Bierbaum, Rosina; Cassel, Christine; Chyba, Christopher; (2015-10)
      Age-related hearing loss is a problem for many older Americans, yet widespread adoption of hearing aids are obstructed by high costs, low innovation, and numerous access barriers. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) recommends that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) adjust regulations to allow for over-the-counter ...
    • Ensuring Leadership in Federally Funded Research and Development in Information Technology 

      PCAST NITRD Working Group; Graham, Susan L.; Hager, Gregory D.; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; (2015-08)
      The Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) program was established in 1991 to lead federal government efforts in research and development (R&D) of new information technologies (IT). In this 2015 review of the program, the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) focuses on eight areas of IT ...
    • Accelerating U.S. Advanced Manufacturing 

      Advanced Manufacturing Partnership 2.0 Working Group; Reif, Rafael; Liveris, Andrew; Jackson, Shirley Ann; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); (2014-10)
      The U.S. manufacturing sector draws its strength from a multitude of tightly linked capabilities contributed by the private sector, academia, and workforce. The broad public-private coalition that emerged from renewed investment in American advanced manufacturing is the foundation for continuing the U.S. global leadership across industrial sectors. ...
    • The Fifth Assessment of the National Nanotechnology Initiative 

      Working Group; McQuade, J. Michael; Gorenberg, Mark; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; (2014-10)
      The National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) was established in 2001 to coordinate federal research and development (R&D) efforts in nanoscale technologies. In this fifth review of the NNI, the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) finds that the initiative has reached a “turning point” and NNI should transition its focus ...
    • Combating Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria 

      PCAST Antibiotic Resistance Working Group; Lander, Eric; Chyba, Christopher; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; (2014-09)
      Effectively combating antibiotic resistance requires a strategy of continual surveillance and analysis of resistant bacteria and an accelerated research and development (R&D) cycle for new antibiotics. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) recommends that the federal government take steps to increase resistant bacteria ...
    • Information Technology for Targeting Job-Skills Training and Matching Talent to Jobs 

      President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology; Bierbaum, Rosina; Cassel, Christine; Chyba, Christopher; Gates, S. James Jr.; (2014-09)
      The middle-skill jobs of the U.S. workforce—jobs that typically require two-year degrees or certifications—employ the most Americans and, consequently, require special attention to ensure effective adaptation to changing workplace demands. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) argues that the comfortability with ...
    • Big Data: A Technological Perspective 

      PCAST Big Data and Privacy Working Group; Graham, Susan L.; Press, William; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; (2014-05)
      Advances in data collection and analysis on a large scale—termed “big data”—often outpace measures required to protect the privacy of the users that generate such data. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) argues that since technology cannot ensure adequate privacy by itself, policy must be implemented to protect ...
    • Better Health Care and Lower Costs: Accelerating Improvement Through Systems Engineering 

      PCAST Systems Engineering in Health Care Working Group; Cassel, Christine; Savitz, Maxine; Penhoet, Ed; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); (2014-05)
      Systems engineering has the potential to improve the accessibility, affordability, and quality of healthcare in the United States. As the Affordable Care Act (ACA) increases the number of insured persons, healthcare institutions need to implement new strategies for expanding access to care, especially small-scale institutions with limited resources ...
    • Letter to the President on Education Technology 

      President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; Bierbaum, Rosina; Cassel, Christine; Chyba, Christopher; (2013-12)
      With rising costs hampering the accessibility and affordability of higher learning institutions in the United States, new applications of information technology (IT) in education, in particular massive open online courses (MOOCs), may present potential solutions to these challenges. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) ...
    • Report to the President Immediate Opportunities for Strengthening the Nation's Cybersecurity 

      PCAST Cybersecurity Working Group; Press, William; Mundie, Craig; President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; (2013-11)
      Cybersecurity is best achieved by a continuous process of threat evaluation and defensive response. The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) argues that this practice stands in contrast to the federal government’s approach that uses “static precautions” and other mechanisms to mandate cybersecurity measures that evolve ...
    • Letter to the President Climate Change and Energy 

      President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (U.S.); United States. Executive Office of the President; Bierbaum, Rosina; Cassel, Christine; Chyba, Christopher; (2013-03)
      The President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), in response to a request from President Obama, put forth six components they consider central to the President’s climate change strategy. These components are national preparedness, decarbonization of the economy, deregulation and tax crediting for clean energy, support for ...