The Classification of Death-Related Experiences: A Novel Approach to the Spectrum of Near-Death, Coincidental-Death, and Empathetic-Death Events
von dem Hagen, Toni dem
Master of Arts
ABSTRACT The Classification of Death-Related Experiences: In 1866, Edmund Gurney, Frederic Myers and Frank Podmore published Phantasms of the Living, which included descriptions of “crisis apparitions” where someone who was dying was “seen” by someone who was unaware of this fact. Since then, the concept of Near-Death Experiences (“NDE’s”) have become an increasingly popular subject in both nonfiction works and medical research, yet little attention has been paid to crisis apparitions. Here, I argue that NDE’s and crisis apparitions—which I separate into the categories of Coincidental-Death and Empathetic-Death Experiences—contain similar phenomenological attributes. These Death-Related Experiences (“DRE’s”) thus occur along a spectrum; the empathetic relationship between the decedent and the experiencer acts as the determinative element. This definition and categorization of DRE’s is a novel concept in super normal research.