Discrete-state stochastic kinetic models for target DNA search by proteins: Theory and experimental applications
Iwahara, Junji; Kolomeisky, Anatoly B.
To perform their functions, transcription factors and DNA-repair/modifying enzymes randomly search DNA in order to locate their specific targets on DNA. Discrete-state stochastic kinetic models have been developed to explain how the efficiency of the search process is influenced by the molecular properties of proteins and DNA as well as by other factors such as molecular crowding. These theoretical models not only offer explanations on the relation of microscopic processes to macroscopic behavior of proteins, but also facilitate the analysis and interpretation of experimental data. In this review article, we provide an overview on discrete-state stochastic kinetic models and explain how these models can be applied to experimental investigations using stopped-flow, single-molecule, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and other biophysical and biochemical methods.
Diffusion; Dynamics; Kinetics; Protein-DNA interactions; Target search