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dc.contributor.authorWolf, Sharon
Magnuson, Katherine A.
Kimbro, Rachel T.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-12-12T17:25:30Z
dc.date.available 2019-12-12T17:25:30Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Wolf, Sharon, Magnuson, Katherine A. and Kimbro, Rachel T.. "Family poverty and neighborhood poverty: Links with children's school readiness before and after the Great Recession." Children and Youth Services Review, 79, (2017) Elsevier: 368-384. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.06.040.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/107874
dc.description.abstract This paper examines how neighborhood and family poverty predict children's academic skills and classroom behavior at school entry, and whether associations have changed over a period of twelve years spanning the Great Recession. Utilizing the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study–Kindergarten 1998 and 2010 cohorts and combined with data from the U.S. Census and American Community Survey, we find that the proportion of kindergarten children living in moderate and high poverty neighborhoods increased from 1998 to 2010, and that these increases were most pronounced for non-poor and white children. Using OLS and fixed effects regression analyses and holding family poverty constant, we find that children in neighborhoods with higher levels of poverty start school less ready to learn than their peers. Specifically, children from the highest poverty neighborhoods start school almost a year behind children from the lowest poverty neighborhoods in terms of their academic skills. In addition, we find that the academic skills gap between poor- and non-poor children within neighborhood poverty categories grew from 1998 to 2010, particularly in high poverty neighborhoods. These findings appear to be explained both by changes in the composition of families within neighborhood poverty categories and income increases among non-poor families. The findings indicate that neighborhood poverty may be a useful proxy to identify children and families in need of additional support.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.rights This is an author's peer-reviewed final manuscript, as accepted by the publisher. The published article is copyrighted by Elsevier
dc.title Family poverty and neighborhood poverty: Links with children's school readiness before and after the Great Recession
dc.type Journal article
dc.citation.journalTitle Children and Youth Services Review
dc.subject.keywordNeighborhood poverty
The Great Recession
School readiness
Early childhood development
Family poverty
dc.citation.volumeNumber 79
dc.identifier.digital nihms-984695
dc.type.dcmi Text
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.06.040
dc.type.publication post-print
dc.citation.firstpage 368
dc.citation.lastpage 384


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