Transit Adjacent Development and Neighborhood Change in Houston
Nostikasari, Dian; Shelton, Kyle
This study explores how land use has changed between 2010 and 2016 in transit adjacent development (TAD) areas of Harris County, Texas, defined as census block groups within 1 mile of transit hubs—light rail stations, transit centers, and Park & Ride locations. Overall, we find that neighborhood changes in transit-adjacent neighborhoods are most dramatic in areas that are already experiencing or that are likely to experience gentrification. Even as they are changing, gentrifying TAD areas still have affordable homes that house residents with lower-incomes. But the possibility of potential displacement grows as development occurs and housing prices rise. Addressing potential displacement will require the creation of policies that give residents of all income levels the ability to live in transit-connected communities.