High-K dielectric sulfur-selenium alloys
Susarla, Sandhya; Tsafack, Thierry; Owuor, Peter Samora; Puthirath, Anand B.; Hachtel, Jordan A.; More... Babu, Ganguli; Apte, Amey; Jawdat, BenMaan I.; Hilario, Martin S.; Lerma, Albert; Calderon, Hector A.; Hernandez, Francisco C. Robles; Tam, David W.; Li, Tong; Lupini, Andrew R.; Idrobo, Juan Carlos; Lou, Jun; Wei, Bingqing; Dai, Pengcheng; Tiwary, Chandra Sekhar; Ajayan, Pulickel M. Less...
Upcoming advancements in flexible technology require mechanically compliant dielectric materials. Current dielectrics have either high dielectric constant, K (e.g., metal oxides) or good flexibility (e.g., polymers). Here, we achieve a golden mean of these properties and obtain a lightweight, viscoelastic, high-K dielectric material by combining two nonpolar, brittle constituents, namely, sulfur (S) and selenium (Se). This S-Se alloy retains polymer-like mechanical flexibility along with a dielectric strength (40 kV/mm) and a high dielectric constant (K = 74 at 1 MHz) similar to those of established metal oxides. Our theoretical model suggests that the principal reason is the strong dipole moment generated due to the unique structural orientation between S and Se atoms. The S-Se alloys can bridge the chasm between mechanically soft and high-K dielectric materials toward several flexible device applications.