Light-guide snapshot imaging spectrometer for remote sensing applications
A fiber-based snapshot imaging spectrometer was developed with a maximum of 31853 (~188 x 170) spatial sampling and 61 spectral channels in the 450nm-750nm range. A compact, custom-fabricated fiber bundle was used to sample the object image at the input and create void spaces between rows at the output for dispersion. The bundle was built using multicore 6x6 fiber block ribbons. To avoid overlap between the cores in the direction of dispersion, we selected a subset of cores using two alternative approaches; a lenslet array and a photomask. To calibrate the >30000 spatial samples of the system, a rapid spatial calibration method was developed based on phase-shifting interferometry (PSI). System crosstalk and spectral resolution were also characterized. Preliminary hyperspectral imaging results of the Rice University campus landscape, obtained with the spectrometer, are presented to demonstrate the system’s spectral imaging capability for distant scenes. The spectrum of different plant species with different health conditions, obtained with the spectrometer, was in accordance with reference instrument measurements. We also imaged Houston traffic to demonstrate the system’s snapshot hyperspectral imaging capability. Potential applications of the system include terrestrial monitoring, land use, air pollution, water resources, and lightning spectroscopy. The fiber-based system design potentially allows tuning between spatial and spectral sampling to meet specific imaging requirements.