Now showing items 6-25 of 1050

  • Accelerating Computer Vision Algorithms Using OpenCL Framework on Mobile Devices - A Case Study 

    Wang, Guohui; Xiong, Y.; Yun, Jay; Cavallaro, Joseph R. (2013-06)
    Recently, general-purpose computing on graphics processing units (GPGPU) has been enabled on mobile devices thanks to the emerging heterogeneous programming models such as OpenCL. The capability of GPGPU on mobile devices ...
  • Achievable Diversity and Multiplexing in Multiple Antenna Systems with Quantized Power Control 

    Khoshnevis, Ahmad; Sabharwal, Ashutosh (2005-05-01)
    We consider a multiple antenna system with finite rate feedback, in which the quantized channel state information at the transmitter is used solely for temporal power control. We show that similar to systems without feedback, ...
  • Achievable Rates for Arbitrary Network Topologies with â Cheapâ Nodes 

    Khojastepour, Mohammad; Sabharwal, Ashutosh; Aazhang, Behnaam (2003-05-01)
    In this paper, we derive achievable rates for arbitrary network topologies consisting of â cheapâ nodes. A node is labeled â cheapâ if its radio can only operate in TDD mode when transmitting and receiving in the ...
  • Achromatized endomicroscope objective for optical biopsy 

    Kyrish, Matthew; Tkaczyk, Tomasz S. (2013-01-18)
    Currently, researchers and clinicians lack achromatized endomicroscope objectives that are as narrow as biopsy needles. We present a proof-of-concept prototype that validates the optical design of an NA0.4 objective. ...
  • Active dielectric antenna on chip for spatial light modulation 

    Qiu, Ciyuan; Chen, Jianbo; Xia, Yang; Xu, Qianfan (2012-11-14)
    Integrated photonic resonators are widely used to manipulate light propagation in an evanescently-coupled waveguide. While the evanescent coupling scheme works well for planar optical systems that are naturally waveguide ...
  • Adaptive Fault Detection and Tolerance for Robots 

    Visinsky, Monica L.; Cavallaro, Joseph R.; Walker, Ian D. (1994-08-01)
    In existing robot fault detection schemes, sensed values of the joint status (position, velocity, etc.) are typically compared against expected or desired values, and if a given threshold is exceeded, a fault is inferred. ...
  • Adaptive Iterative Reqeighted Least Squares Design of LP FIR Filters 

    Vargas, Ricardo; Burrus, C. Sidney (1999-03-01)
    This paper presents an efficient adaptive algorithm for designing FIR digital filters that are efficient according to an Lp error criteria. The algorithm is an extension of Burrus' iterative reweighted least-squares (IRLS) ...
  • An Adaptive Optimal-Kernel Time-Frequency Representation 

    Jones, Douglas L.; Baraniuk, Richard G. (1995-10-01)
    Time-frequency representations with fixed windows or kernels figure prominently in many applications, but perform well only for limited classes of signals. Representations with signal- dependent kernels can overcome this ...
  • An Adaptive Orthogonal-Series Estimator for Probability Density Functions 

    Anderson, G. Leigh; de Figueiredo, Rui J.P. (1978-02-20)
    Given a sample set X1,...,XN of independent identically distributed real-valued random variables, each with the unknown probability density function f(â ¢), the problem considered is to estimate f from the sample set. The ...
  • Adaptive Representation of JPEG 2000 Images Using Header-based Processing 

    Neelamani, Ramesh; Berkner, Kathrin (2002-09-20)
    To bridge the mismatch between the sizes of images and display devices, we present an efficient and automatic algorithm to create an adaptive image representation called SmartNail. Given a digital image and rectangular ...
  • Adaptive Wavelet Transforms for Image Coding 

    Claypoole, Roger L.; Davis, Geoffrey; Sweldens, Wim; Baraniuk, Richard G. (1997-11-01)
    We introduce a new adaptive transform for wavelet-based image coding. The lifting framework for wavelet construction motivates our analysis and provides new insight into the problem. Since the adaptive transform is non-linear, ...
  • Adaptive Wavelet Transforms for Image Coding 

    Claypoole, Roger L.; Davis, Geoffrey; Sweldens, Wim; Baraniuk, Richard G. (1997-11-01)
    We introduce a new adaptive transform for wavelet-based image coding. The lifting framework for wavelet construction motivates our analysis and provides new insight into the problem. Since the adaptive transform is non-linear, ...
  • Adaptive Wavelet Transforms for Image Coding using Lifting 

    Claypoole, Roger L.; Davis, Geoffrey; Sweldens, Wim; Baraniuk, Richard G. (1998-03-01)
    Summary form only given. Image compression relies on efficient representations of images, and within smooth image regions, the wavelet transform provides such a representation. However, near edges, wavelet coefficients ...
  • Adaptive Wavelet Transforms via Lifting 

    Claypoole, Roger L.; Baraniuk, Richard G.; Nowak, Robert David (1998-05-01)
    This paper develops two new adaptive wavelet transforms based on the lifting scheme. The lifting construction exploits a spatial-domain, prediction-error interpretation of the wavelet transform and provides a powerful ...
  • Adaptive Wavelet Transforms via Lifting 

    Claypoole, Roger L.; Baraniuk, Richard G.; Nowak, Robert David (1999-01-15)
    This paper develops new algorithms for adapted multiscale analysis and signal adaptive wavelet transforms. We construct our adaptive transforms with the <i>lifting scheme</i>, which decomposes the wavelet transform into ...
  • Adaptive Wavelet Transforms via Lifting 

    Claypoole, Roger L.; Baraniuk, Richard G.; Nowak, Robert David (1999-05-01)
    This paper develops new algorithms for adapted multiscale analysis and signal adaptive wavelet transforms. We construct our adaptive transforms with the <i>lifting scheme</i>, which decomposes the wavelet transform into ...
  • Adaptive Weighted Highpass Filters Using Multiscale Analysis 

    Nowak, Robert David; Baraniuk, Richard G. (1998-07-01)
    In this paper, we propose a general framework for studying a class of weighted highpass filters. Our framework, based on a multiscale signal decomposition, allows us to study a wide class of filters and to assess the ...
  • Adding Linguistic Constraints to Document Image Decoding: Comparing the Iterated Complete Path and Stack Algorithms 

    Popat, Kris; Greene, Dan; Romberg, Justin; Bloomberg, Dan (2001-01-20)
    Beginning with an observed document image and a model of how the image has been degraded, Document Image Decoding recognizes printed text by attempting to find a most probable path through a hypothesized Markov source. The ...
  • Additive and Multiplicative Mixture Trees for Network Traffic Modeling 

    Sarvotham, Shriram; Wang, Xuguang; Riedi, Rudolf H.; Baraniuk, Richard G. (2002-05-01)
    Network traffic exhibits drastically different statistics, ranging from nearly Gaussian marginals and long range dependence at very large time scales to highly non-Gaussian marginals and multifractal scaling on small scales. ...
  • Adsorption of a Protein Monolayer via Hydrophobic Interactions Prevents Nanoparticle Aggregation under Harsh Environmental Conditions 

    Dominguez-Medina, Sergio; Blankenburg, Jan; Olson, Jana; Landes, Christy F.; Link, Stephan (2013)
    We find that citrate-stabilized gold nanoparticles aggregate and precipitate in saline solutions below the NaCl concentration of many bodily fluids and blood plasma. Our experiments indicate that this is due to complexation ...