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dc.contributor.authorTang, Ming
Erdman, Monica
Eldridge, Graham
Lee, Cin-Ty A.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-24T16:08:00Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-24T16:08:00Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Tang, Ming, Erdman, Monica, Eldridge, Graham, et al.. "The redox “filter” beneath magmatic orogens and the formation of continental crust." Science Advances, 4, no. 5 (2018) AAAS: https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aar4444.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/105125
dc.description.abstract The two most important magmatic differentiation series on Earth are the Fe-enriching tholeiitic series, which dominates the oceanic crust and island arcs, and the Fe-depleting calc-alkaline series, which dominates the continental crust and continental arcs. It is well known that calc-alkaline magmas are more oxidized when they erupt and are preferentially found in regions of thick crust, but why these quantities should be related remains unexplained. We use the redox-sensitive behavior of europium (Eu) in deep-seated, plagioclase-free arc cumulates to directly constrain the redox evolution of arc magmas at depth. Primitive arc cumulates have negative Eu anomalies, which, in the absence of plagioclase, can only be explained by Eu being partly reduced. We show that primitive arc magmas begin with low oxygen fugacities, similar to that of mid-ocean ridge basalts, but increase in oxygen fugacity by over two orders of magnitude during magmatic differentiation. This intracrustal oxidation is attended by Fe depletion coupled with fractionation of Fe-rich garnet. We conclude that garnet fractionation, owing to its preference for ferrous over ferric iron, results in simultaneous oxidation and Fe depletion of the magma. Favored at high pressure and water content, garnet fractionation explains the correlation between crustal thickness, oxygen fugacity, and the calc-alkaline character of arc magmas.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher AAAS
dc.rights This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.title The redox “filter” beneath magmatic orogens and the formation of continental crust
dc.type Journal article
dc.citation.journalTitle Science Advances
dc.citation.volumeNumber 4
dc.citation.issueNumber 5
dc.identifier.digital eaar4444.full
dc.type.dcmi Text
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aar4444
dc.identifier.pmcid PMC5955626
dc.identifier.pmid 29774235
dc.type.publication publisher version
dc.citation.articleNumber eaar4444


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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited.