Master of Music
Notturno is a single movement composition for orchestra. The instrumentation: winds in pairs, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, 2 trombones, timpani, bass drum, suspended cymbal, vibraphone, celesta and strings, was chosen in order to facilitate performances, as it is often more difficult to have performances when a more elaborate instrumentation is required. Notturno is in ABA’ form -- slow, fast, slow. Section A deals mainly with static chord textures and small melodic fragments in various instruments. Section B uses three different characters: string and wind "flurries," brass static chords, and double bass driving rhythms in an agitated dialogue Section A' again uses static chord rotation as accompaniment with three different duets between contrasting instruments: flute and celesta, trumpet and vibraphone, and cellos and timpani. The composition also utilizes six pillars that divide the piece into five sections as follows: m.1-42, m.42-83, m.84-187, m.188-258, m.259-286, and m.286-end. Not only do the pillars unify by using a similar gesture, but also act as transitions to different sections throughout the piece. The pitches are derived from the row which has eleven different pitches with D shared in both hexachords. Chords are chosen from the row and the melodic fragments are derived from both the row and the harmony. Melodic fragments are also generated in the B section by activating the chords, as seen in the woodwinds, m.116. The title Notturno is Italian for nocturne and was chosen for its implications of night. The outer two sections depict physical night, while the inner section deals with psychological night. Notturno is approximately 14 minutes in length.