The Confederate States of America developed a highly sophisticated and effective system of military justice and only reverses on the battlefield prevented them from improving their system to an even greater extent. Adopting a set of Articles of War and Army Regulations which the United States Army had used since its inception, the Confederacy soon discovered that their adopted system was not effective when used with the lack of communications and discipline that faced the Confederate army. To combat the inefficiencies of their transplanted military justice system, the Confederate Congress, acting on recommendations from General Robert E. Lee, organized a military court system with professional personnel and specific duties and posts for a great efficiency. Because of the circumstances facing the Confederate States few records were kept and there were no books or documents produced explaining, discussing or otherwise illuminating the subject of Confederate military law. Therefore, most of this thesis had to be statutory, organizational or procedural in nature, using official Confederate documents. Army regulations and the semi-official Vade Mecum. Piecing these rules, regulations and procedures together, I have tried not to produce any new theories, but rather I have tried to put all of the material in one place in an organized form.