Criteria for corporate location
Wynn, Claude Forrest
Douglass, H. Robert
Master of Architecture
Decision makers in today’s business are not necessarily making locational decisions for their corporate headquarters based on complete, objective, and rational criteria. There has been a lack of knowledge as to what impacts the locating process to satisfactorily guide the decision makers. Four factors impact or are impacted by the location of corporation facilities. These factors ares (1) geographical location, (2) physical determinants, (3) economic circumstances, and (4) time related considerations which are the common denominator to all of the other impacting factors. A reasoning for and a means of evaluating these four aspects, to result in a basis for decision makers from which to work, is contained in this paper. The first portion of the discussion deals with determining types of corporations and identifying their place in a model of growth. Two examples are then cited for demonstration of the model’s descriptive mode of corporate location, as a result of growth and change over time. The present nature and characteristics of corporations is discussed in the second portion. It is followed by an examination of the current activity of corporate relocations and the reasons for shifting criteria Criteria, which impact or are impacted by a corporation's physical location of its operations, are considered in the third segment of the discussion. These criterion are separated into the four components; location, physical, economic, and time, with analysis of each as it affects or is affected by the location process. An example method developed, which satisfies the criteria established in the previous sections, is outlined in the fourth chapter. This demonstrates a means of implementing the criteria. From the combination of the four areas, decision makers should be able to make more objective locational moves. Locating corporate facilities should be based on the four criteria component areas. It is the concept to eliminate illogical moves through the recognition of impacting and impacted factors and the consequences associated with all relocation alternatives.