Engineering very-high- n polarized Rydberg states and behavior at high scaled frequencies
Mestayer, Jeffery J.
Dunning, F. B.
Master of Science
Quasi-one-dimensional (quasi-1D) atoms can be produced by photoexciting selected Stark states in the presence of a weak do field. For n ≥ 500, such direct excitation of quasi-ID atoms becomes problematic because stray fields and effective laser linewidths lead to creation of a range of Stark states with no preferred orientation. We show here that very-high- n quasi-1D atoms can be produced by a multi-step process in which lower- n ( n ∼350) quasi-1D atoms are first produced. The excited electron is then localized in phase space near the outer classical turning point at which time it is transferred to a highly-elongated very-high- n orbit using a half cycle pulse (HCP). This leads to the population of a broad distribution of final n states centered at n ∼580. It is shown that this broad distribution can be dramatically narrowed by subsequent application of further HCPs. The factors that govern the final n distribution are discussed with the aid of classical simulations. The availability of very-high- n quasi-1D atoms allows the dynamics of the periodically kicked atom to be examined at high scaled frequencies, v 0 ≈15. Novel behavior, such as local increases in survival probability with increasing number of kicks, is observed.
Atoms & subatomic particles; Pure sciences