The effects of manifest ethnic identification on applicant discrimination
Barron, Laura Gerbasio
Master of Arts
In this field experiment, Black, Hispanic, Arab, Asian, and Irish individuals applied for retail jobs with or without visible display of their ethnic identification. Applicants followed a standardized script in which they were blind to condition. Indicators of formal discrimination and interpersonal discrimination were analyzed in interactions with White, Black, and Hispanic store personnel. Contrary to hypotheses, we found that when interacting with store personnel of different races, the display of ethnic identification resulted in greater positivity and longer interactions when applicants' ethnic identification was displayed than when no ethnic identification was displayed. In contrast, for Black and Hispanic applicants, when interacting with store personnel of the same race, the display of ethnic identification resulted in lesser positivity. Implications for recruiting and selection are discussed.