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dc.contributor.authorFischer-Baum, Simon
Kook, Jeong Hwan
Lee, Yoseph
Ramos-Nuñez, Aurora
Vannucci, Marina
dc.date.accessioned 2018-09-26T14:52:40Z
dc.date.available 2018-09-26T14:52:40Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Fischer-Baum, Simon, Kook, Jeong Hwan, Lee, Yoseph, et al.. "Individual Differences in the Neural and Cognitive Mechanisms of Single Word Reading." Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 12, (2018) Frontiers Media SA: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2018.00271.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/102708
dc.description.abstract Written language is a human invention that our brains did not evolve for. Yet, most research has focused on finding a single theory of reading, identifying the common set of cognitive and neural processes shared across individuals, neglecting individual differences. In contrast, we investigated variation in single word reading. Using a novel statistical method for analyzing heterogeneity in multi-subject task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we clustered readers based on their brain’s response to written stimuli. Separate behavioral testing and neuroimaging analysis shows that these clusters differed in the role of the sublexical pathway in processing written language, but not in reading skill. Taken together, these results suggest that individuals vary in the cognitive and neural mechanisms involved in word reading. In general, neurocognitive theories need to account not only for what tends to be true of the population, but also the types of variation that exist, even within a neurotypical population.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Frontiers Media SA
dc.rights This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title Individual Differences in the Neural and Cognitive Mechanisms of Single Word Reading
dc.type Journal article
dc.citation.journalTitle Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
dc.citation.volumeNumber 12
dc.identifier.digital fnhum-12-00271
dc.type.dcmi Text
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2018.00271
dc.type.publication publisher version
dc.citation.articleNumber 271


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