Nonlinear waveform inversion with surface-oriented extended modeling
Symes, William W
Doctor of Philosophy
This thesis investigates surface-oriented model extension approach to nonlinear full waveform inversion (FWI). Conventional least-squares (LS) approach is capable of reconstructing highly detailed models of subsurface. Resolution requirements of the realistic problems dictate the use of local descent methods to solve the LS optimization problem. However, in the setting of any characteristic seismic problem, LS objective functional has numerous local extrema, rendering descent methods unsuitable when initial estimate is not kinematically accurate. The aim of my work is to improve convexity properties of the objective functional. I use the extended modeling approach, and construct an extended optimization functional incorporating differential semblance condition. An important advantage of surface-oriented extensions is that they do not increase the computational complexity of the forward modeling. This approach blends FWI technique with migration velocity analysis (MVA) capability to recover long scale velocity model, producing optimization problems that combine global convergence properties of the MVA with data fitting approach of FWI. In particular, it takes into account nonlinear physical effects, such as multiple reflections. I employ variable projection approach to solve the extended optimization problem. I validate the method on synthetic models for the constant density acoustics problem.
full waveform inversion; optimization