Simulating Nanoscale Functional Motions of Biomolecules
We are describing efficient dynamics simulation methods for the characterization of functional motion of biomolecules on the nanometer scale. Multivariate statistical methods are widely used to extract and enhance functional collective motions from molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. A dimension reduction in MD is often realized through a principal component analysis or a singular value decomposition (SVD) of the trajectory. Normal mode analysis is a related collective coordinate space approach, which involves the decomposition of the motion into vibration modes based on an elastic model. Using the myosin motor protein as an example we describe a hybrid technique termed amplified collective motions that enhances sampling of conformational space through a combination of normal modes with atomic level MD. Unfortunately, the forced orthogonalization of modes in collective coordinate space leads to complex dependencies that are not necessarily consistent with the symmetry of biological macromolecules and assemblies. In many biological molecules, such as HIV-1 protease, reflective or rotational symmetries are present that are broken using standard orthogonal basis functions. We present a method to compute the plane of reflective symmetry or the axis of rotational symmetry from the trajectory frames. Moreover, we develop an SVD that best approximates the given trajectory while respecting the symmetry. Finally we describe a local feature analysis (LFA) to construct a topographic representation of functional dynamics in terms of local features. The LFA representations are low-dimensional, and provide a reduced basis set for collective motions, but unlike global collective modes they are sparsely distributed and spatially localized. This yields a more reliable assignment of essential dynamics modes across different MD time windows.
Citable link to this pagehttps://hdl.handle.net/1911/102050
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