Alexander Hobbs U.S. Civil War diary [Digital Version]

Bibliographic Information

Hobbs, Alexander, Alexander Hobbs U.S. Civil War diary (1862-1863)

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Title: Alexander Hobbs U.S. Civil War diary [Digital Version]
Funding from: Funding for the creation of this digitized text is provided by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.
Author: Hobbs, Alexander
Statements of responsibility:
  • Creation of digital images: Woodson Research Center
  • Creation of transcription: Camille M. George, Student Researcher, Humanities Research Center
  • Conversion to TEI-conformant markup: Camille M. George, Student Researcher, Humanities Research Center
  • Parsing and proofing: Humanities Research Center and Fondren Library, Rice University
  • Subject analysis and assignment of taxonomy terms: Robert Estep
Publisher: Rice University, Houston, Texas
Publication date: 2010-06-07
Identifier: aa00363
Availability: This digital text is publicly available via the Americas Digital Archive through the following Creative Commons attribution license: “You are free: to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work; to make derivative works; to make commercial use of the work. Under the following conditions: By Attribution. You must give the original author credit. For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license terms of this work. Any of these conditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder. Your fair use and other rights are in no way affected by the above.”
Notes:
Digitization: Page images of the original document are included. Images exist as archived TIFF files, JPEG versions for general use, and thumbnail GIFs.
Provenance: Purchased from Goodspeed's, Boston, Massachusettes, November 1982, with funds provided by Mr. & Mrs. Edgar E. Lackner.
Description: 87 page handwritten diary
Abstract: Diary describes the author's volunteer service during the U.S. Civil War, including the Battle of Galveston, a prison stay in Houston, and patrol duty in New Orleans
Source(s): Hobbs, Alexander, Alexander Hobbs U.S. Civil War diary (1862-1863)
Source Identifier: Alexander Hobbs diary and bible, 1861-1863, MS 370, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University
Description of the project: This digitized text is part of the Our Americas Archive Partnership (OAAP) project.
Editorial practices
This text has been encoded based on recommendations from Level 4 of the TEI in Libraries Guidelines. Any comments on editorial decisions for this document are included in footnotes within the document with the author of the note indicated. All digitized texts have been verified against the original document. Quotation marks have been retained. For printed documents: Original grammar, punctuation, and spelling have been preserved. No corrections or normalizations have been made, except that hyphenated, non-compound words that appear at the end of lines have been closed up to facilitate searching and retrieval. For manuscript documents: Original grammar, punctuation, and spelling have been preserved. We have recorded normalizations using the reg element to facilitate searchability, but these normalizations may not be visible in the reading version of this electronic text
Languages used in the text: English
Text classification
Keywords: Getty Art & Architecture Thesaurus
  • Diaries
Keywords: Library of Congress Subject Headings
  • Hobbs, Alexander
  • United States. Army. Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, 42nd (1862-1864)
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives
  • Galveston, Battle of, Galveston, Tex., 1863
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Prisoners and prisons
  • Prisoners of war--Texas--Houston
  • New Orleans (La.)--History--19th century
Keywords: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
  • United States (nation)
  • Texas (state)
  • Massachusetts (state)
  • Houston (inhabited place)
  • Louisiana (state)
  • New Orleans (inhabited place)

i


ii


iii

A. Hobbes
Houston
TaxesRegularized:Texas


iv


[Figure]
[Description of figure: Sketch of Galveston Harbor and gun boats.]

[Transcriber's Note: This figure is described by author on the following page ]

v

Magnificent view of the town and Harbour
of Galveston showing the position of
the Gun boats &c
JanJanuary 1st 1863


v


1


November 21st 1862

After waiting impatiently for
several weeks the order came
at last and we bid a sad
farewell to our many friends
who came notwithstanding
the rain to see us off our
regiment numbers nine
hundred and eighty men
and we leave the state
well equipped except our
guns which have not yet
been given out
4 P.M. passed through
Providence and on through
Stonington reaching [Illegible: Groton]
at 9 P.M. where we embarked
on bordRegularized:board the Steamer
Commodore and left at

NovNovember 22

3 OclockRegularized:O'clock A.M. arriving at New
York at 11, The day pleasant
and we had a fine view


2

of the Steamship Grate
Eastern as she lay at the
entrance of the harbour
and of the harbour itself
with the publickRegularized:public building
&c We were not allowed
to land untillRegularized:until 5 PM
the citizens of Williamsburg
gave us a collation after
which we took up our
line of march for East
New York a distance of
9 miles through the mud
as no arrangmentsRegularized:arrangements had
been made we were
forced to occupy some
sheds after turning out
the horcesRegularized:horses we suffered
considerableRegularized:considerably from the
cold

NovNovember 23

Sunday the sun was clear
but by no-means warm
after getting what they
called coffee and bread
we set to work pitching
our tents


3

NovNovember 24

Monday received our
guns (second hand smooth
-bores except companies G.
and C. which got Springfield
Rifles) and settled down too
drill

NovNovember 27

Thanksgiving day got
a furlough and went
to the city had a good
dinner of Turkey Chicken
and plum poodingRegularized:pudding at
3 PM went tooRegularized:to see the
lights at Barnums-
Museum after getting
tea left for camp which
we reached at 8 OclockRegularized:o'clock
our time passed pleasantly
untillRegularized:untilthe order came
for us to march

Dec 2

Tuesday 2 P.M. left camp
and marched to Brooklyn
halting only once a few
minutes arriving after dark
we could not go on bordRegularized:board
the transport part of the


4

regiment were quartered
in an armory and part
were scattered over town
enough cannot be said
in praise of the good people
of Brooklyn who took
the men in kept them
all night and breakfasted
them in the morning
Gentleman stood at the
corner of the streets tooRegularized:to
see that no soldier went
hungry some even giving
money one good Sam
aratine
Regularized:Samaritan
gave a member of
us our dinner at a saloon

Dec 3

At 5 P.M. went on bordRegularized:board the
transport steamer Saxon
with three other Companys
but being too crowded
Co.Company A was removed tooRegularized:to the
Quincy the regiment all
embarked on four steamers
the Saxon, Quincy, Osgood,
and ChetucketRegularized:Shetucket,


5

two of the Steamers were
old and did not look
safe one company re-
quired
Regularized:required
to be put on bordRegularized:board
the ChetucketRegularized:Shetucket and after
considerable excitmentRegularized:excitement
were finally transferred
to the Saxon

DecrDecember 5

At 8 ½ OclockRegularized:O'clock AM, the Pilot
came on bordRegularized:board when we
weighed anchor and
seamedRegularized:steamed down the
harbour past Sandy Hook
and out tooRegularized:to sea we
are in Bank Expedition
and sail under sealed
orders but expect to go
to Fortress Monroe

DecrDecember 6

Blowing a gale with a
heavy sea most of the
men are sick and as
the ports had tooRegularized:to be closed
it was very disagreeable
to stay below and too
cold to stay on deackRegularized:deck


6

Dec 7

A rough night wind still
blowing passed Cape
HaterassRegularized:Hatteras about 1 A.M.
the men still sick turned
them on deackRegularized:deck and cleaned
the ship we are in the
Gulf Stream and the water
is almost a blood heat
but the wind blows very
cold. The orders were
opened this morning
and we find our des-
-tination
Regularized:destination
to be Ship
Island

DecrDecember 8

The Weather is growing
mild and the men
are recovering from
the sea sickness with
an appetite which
threatens to devour
evry-thingRegularized:every thing at one meal
most of them are grow
-ling
Regularized:growling
because they can
-not
Regularized:cannot
get enough to eat
and the cooks are
mad and swareRegularized:swore thairRegularized:their


7

stove will not draw

DecrDecember 9

The weather is delightfullRegularized:delightful
and every-thingRegularized:everything goes on
well except the grub
they do not give us
enough of any-thingRegularized:anything
except hard bread and
that we cannot eat
many of the men
express the desire that
the pirate AlabamRegularized:Alabama may
take us

DecrDecember 10

Weather warm and pleasant
three men in irons today
for stealing meat last night
our Capt tore the stripes
off a corporal for being
concerned in the robbery
and disobeying orders
Made land on the
costRegularized:coast of Florida and
saw a gun boat

DecrDecember 11

passed a wreck on the
shore with a tug boat
discharging her cargo
at 5 P.M. entered Key West


8

to get coal and water
Key West is now used by the
U.S. Government to store
provisions it is a small
village and to us who had
never been at the south
the trees and fruit looked
really pleasant
The men worked at night
taking on bordRegularized:board coal and
water some of the boys
went on shore and got
oranges Lemons Coconuts
&

DecrDecember 12

Left this morning for Ship
Island in company with
two other transports
a fair wind and pleasant
weather

DecrDecember 14

the weather continues
delightfullRegularized:delightful the men are
in high spirits except at
meal time they have
not yet got acostomedRegularized:accustomed
to living on Army rations
we get mush sometimes


9

which we consider a
grateRegularized:great luxury the men
who have money to
spare go to the second
table in the cabin they
have thareRegularized:there evryRegularized:every del
-icacy
Regularized:delicacy
that can be got
on land we have on
bordRegularized:board the Col. I.S. Burrell
and quite a number of
the staff officers they
probably thought this
the safest ship and
she has so far been all
we could wish She is
the same as was used
by Gen Butler as his flag
ship in his expiditionsRegularized:expeditions
to New Orleans

DecrDecember 15

Arrived at Ship Island this
morning was brought
to last night by a shot
from a gun boat a
Lieutenant camRegularized:came on bordRegularized:board
and examined our papers
Ship Island is a low


10

Sandy place with
a few government store
-houses
Regularized:storehouses
Gen Butler took
it from the Rebels last
winter we see the forts
where he found the wooden
guns. Three or four regt Regularized:regiments
are encamped on the
Island waiting transportation
the ship that brought them
from Fortress Monroe being too
large to go up the Mississippi
4 P.M. After getting coal
we left for New Orleans

DecrDecember 16

7 A.M. arrived at the entrance
of the Mississippi after a
very stormy and disagreeable
night back lay-too for some
hours waiting for day light
to take a pilot the entrance
of the river is through
low marchyRegularized:marshy land which
extends for (I think) twenty
miles from the entrance
the river is about three
quarters of a mile wide


11

and is very hansomeRegularized:handsome
we see the remains of
many of the few rafts
sent down by the
rebels to burn GenGeneral Butler
fleet passed forts St Phillips
& Jackson which our
gun boats took on
thairRegularized:their way tooRegularized:to New
Orleans the marks of
our shot could be
plainly seen on the
walls it is now garr
-isoned
Regularized:garrisoned
by a Massachusetts
Regt Regularized:Regimentstopped theirRegularized:there untillRegularized:until
the medical officer
came on bordRegularized:board he found
us all well and allowed
us to proceed came to
anchor at dark within
twenty yards of the
bank and within twenty
miles of the city of New
Orleans the scenery on
the banks of the river
for the most part has

12

been delightful beautifullRegularized:beautiful
groves of orange trees
which hung full of the
golden fruit looked to
us very inviting

DecrDecember 17

Started this morning and
arrived at the city at day
-light
Regularized:daylight
we was all eager
to see the “CresentRegularized:Crescent City”
and enjoyed a fine view
from the deck of our vessailRegularized:vessel
thareRegularized:there is little to see how
-ever
Regularized:however
as thareRegularized:there is but little
business done now
we had scarcely anchored
before boats came off
with fruit, pies, cake &
bread the city is under
MarsallRegularized:Martial Law but the
poor are much better
off than before it was
taken by the Federals
Flour which than sold
for forty five dollars now
sells from seven tooRegularized:to ten
dollars and others then as


13

in proportion we expected
to land here but orders
came for us to go up
the river nine miles
to a town called
CarreltonRegularized:Carrollton accordingly in
the evening we ran
up the river but not
knowing when to stop
we went two miles
further than we intended
and stopped for the
night beside a river
Steamboat made to
carry cotton with a
saloon for passengers
in the second story
She is now laid up to
dry and is used as a
hospital

DecrDecember 18

left and steamed down
the river two miles and
landed at CarreltonRegularized:Carrollton at
12 N.noon marched half a
mile and pichedRegularized:pitched our
tents on a low wet


14

pieces of land bounded
on two sides by grave-
-yards
Regularized:graveyards
one a rebel and
the other the last resting
place of Union Soldiers
who had been camped
in that vicinity thareRegularized:there
was near four hundred
from Maine, MassMassachusetts, VermtVermont
New York, New Hampshire
and some other states
thareRegularized:there were two hospitals
in the town, full of sick
soldiers and it was a
sad sight to see some
each day carried to
the grave without
a friend to shed a tear
over thairRegularized:their remains
doubtless many tears will
be shed when the sad
tidings are wafted across
the ocean to the home
they left so lately
I have wandered through
grave yards before but

15

never see so sad a place
as this the graves are
onelyRegularized:only dug two or three feet
deep and immediately fill
with water the poor
people praise GenGeneral Butler
and well they may some
of the Ladies say all
manner of bitter things
about us “Yankees” and
scoff at the idea of the
Union ever being restored

DecrDecember 19

Friday gave all our clothes
to the Washer women
not expecting to leave
here soon a few hours
afterward the order came
to strike our tents and go
again on bordRegularized:board the transport
we did not know where
to find our clothes but
after hunting all over
the town we returned to
camp in dispareRegularized:despair
the order was countermand
and we again pichedRegularized:pitched our


16

tents afterward some of
our boys found thairRegularized:their clothes
and before we left they
were all recovered

DecrDecember 21

Broke camp at day light
and marched to the
bank and embarked on
bordRegularized:board the good ship
Saxon who was hawledRegularized:hauled
along side the bank
stopped a few hours
at New Orleans and than
proceeded down the river
on our way to TaxesRegularized:Texas
the day was verryRegularized:very fine
and we had a fine view
of the twenty miles
passed in the night time
on our way up a
anchored at night in
the river and proceeded
toward and morning on
our voyage after
three days sail with
a fair wind and a
smooth sea we


17

arrived off Galveston
and was brought tooRegularized:to
by a shot across our
bow from a United
States Gun boat who
spoke us and thanRegularized:then
signaled for a pilot
At 2 P.M. The pilot came
on bordRegularized:board but we were obliged
to wait two or three hours
for the tide to rise
toward night we stood
in across the bar and
struck several times but
got across in safety we
found in the harbour
three Gun boats the largest
of which was the Harriet
Lane who carried six guns
also two Ferry boats fitted
up with some heavy
guns and calculated for
the harbour service as
she drew only six or
seven feet of water the
town is built on an

18

Island connected to the
main land by a bridgRegularized:bridge
about two miles long
the town form only contained
about fifteen thousand
inhabitants but nine out
of evryRegularized:every ten have gone
away since it has been
occupied by by [Illegible: hily] by
our gun boats

DecrDecember 25

The Steamer hawledRegularized:hauled along
-side
Regularized:alongside
the warfRegularized:wharf and we
disembarked and took up
our quarters in a large
ware house on the out
end of the warfRegularized:wharf we
hoisted the glorious
stars & stripes over our
quarters and gave them
cheers a little louder
than ever before we
thanRegularized:then tore up the planks
and built a kind of
barricade under the super
intendance
Regularized:superintendence
of our Civil
Engineer who came from


19

New Orleans with us

DecrDecember 26

A detachment of one hun
-dred
Regularized:hundred
men with Col Burrell
and Capt Wenright of the
Harriet Lane went through
the town reconoiteringRegularized:reconnoitering
we examined the cotton
presses when it was
proposed we should quar
-ter
Regularized:quarter
on the arrival of
the remainder of the
expedition also the new
courthouse a fine brick
building not yet finished
thareRegularized:there are some splendid
buildings in the town
but they are closed up
now and a general
gloom is over everything
we had a weary march
over the Island and under
a burning sun

DecrDecember 27

Posted our pickets up
town many of the citi
zens
Regularized:citizens
profess to be Union
but are not to be trusted


20

Some speak their se
-cession
Regularized:secession
sentiments openly
the man who gave me this
book spoke strongly in
favor of the Southern
confederacy and the
hopelesnessRegularized:hopelessness of trying to
subdue them

DecrDecember 28

We have been anxiously
awatingRegularized:awaiting the arrival of
more transports our
position is rather unpleasant
as they could destroy us
in a few minutes from
the streets by a well
directed fire we do not
dredRegularized:dread them much as our
gun boats could shell
them out of the city
at least we think so
we are prepared to do
what little we can
in case of an attack
which we expect evryRegularized:every night
we are obliged to sleep
on our arms which is


21

extremely disagreeable

DecrDecember 29

Things go on about as
usual our pickets fired
on some caverlyRegularized:calvery last
night and then retreated
to the warfRegularized:wharf we were all
in our places behind
our barricade and
ready for action but
was not attacked thareRegularized:there
is something verryRegularized:very
exciting in being turned
out in the night by
the sound of a gun
and expect evryRegularized:every moment
to be attacked The other
evening while I was
on duty up town I see
the outer pickets running
running in I gunned them
and we all run double
quick and drew up in
line of battle at the
head of the warfRegularized:wharf the long
roll was beat and the
men sprang to thairRegularized:their


22

arms and pretty soon
two companies amiss filed
up the way and went
double quick up town
to look after a party
who were out foraging
for a stove while we
were away they returned
having pressed two or
three dray-menRegularized:draymen into
their service we alRegularized:all came
back not having as we
expected met the rebels
another time we were
up town filling our
canteens when a party
of rebels came down
the way we ran helter
-skelter
Regularized:helter skelter
and found an
officer with a flag of
truce the rest of his party
stopped a little way
behind as soon as
more men arrive we
expect to go and hold
the bridge to prevent

23

the rebels from scouting
round the town as
they do now

DecrDecember 30

Things pass about as
usual the Steamer
Saxon is discharging
our stores and preparing
to leave for New Orleans
tomorrow our Quartermaster
is going with her to
represent our condition
to Gen Banks she takes
with her our letters
and a large pile of them
thareRegularized:there is We feels verryRegularized:very
anxious about the remain
-der
Regularized:remainder
of our regiment
as nothing has yet been
herdRegularized:heard from them

DecrDecember 31

The last day of the old
year we do not fail
to remember the distance
we are from our dear
homes and the mercies
of a kind Father
during the year that is


24

past we feels that
goodness and mercy
have followed us all
our days but especially
have we been favoured
the last year may
we always remember
our obligation and show
our gratitude by serving
him faithfully

Jany January 1 1863

I have now to chronicle
an event which will
be remembered by us
all while we live
at 4 A.M. we were turned
out by the firing of our
pickets and we had
not more than got out
of the building on the
warfRegularized:wharf when a shot came
whipping over our heads
red and blue lights were
burned as signals the moon
had set and it was
quite dark we fired several
rounds up the warfRegularized:wharf


25

when we thought the
rebels were stationed
but as it was almost
impossible for us to do
any good by firing and
by doing so we were showing
our position I do not
pretend to describe what
followed the next three
hours The shot and shell
which came from twenty
or thirty guns within
a few hundred yards of us
tearing and crashing
through the baricadeRegularized:barricade

within a few feet of our
heads and going through
the building we occupied
a barracks sccatteringRegularized:scattering

the splinters in all
directions the cries of the
wounded and the noise
of the broad-side after
broad-side which went
from our gun boats the
shot striking the back

26

walls and passing through
one after another and
then bursting is something
that requires a smarter
pen than mine to describe
we laid flat on the warfRegularized:wharf
and listened without being
able to do any thing
the heavy guns were acc-
-ompanied
Regularized:accompanied
by the firing of
of small arms and the
balls went hissing by us
as thick as hail the rebels
run out in the water
to get nearer to us but
we fired on them killing
several and making them
retreat in a hurry
We wished for day light
but when it come it
only madRegularized:made our position
more dangerous for
four rebel Steamers
hoveRegularized:have in sight the
guns on the shore
which had twice

27

been deserted now
began with redoubled
fury two of the steamers
bore down on the Harriet
Lane she had been
ordered the night before
to a position up the river
where she had not enough
water so that when she
tried to back to prevent
the rebels from bordingRegularized:boarding
her she grounded two
of the enemies steamers
struck her without
doing any damage
and gancedRegularized:glanced off passing
astern a well directed
shot from the Harriet
Lane sunk one of them
but the other returned
and bordedRegularized:boarded her, reports do
not agree as tooRegularized:to the number
of men on bordRegularized:board the Bayou
City some of them have
told me thareRegularized:there was three
or four hundred and some

28

between two and three hundred
there was probably three
hundred men thareRegularized:there was
in all about eighty on
the Harriet Lane and half
of these belong to the engin
eers
Regularized:engineers
and firemans department
She carried six guns

The rebel steamers werRegularized:were built
up with cotton bales which
served as a protection to them
while they poured down
showers of bullets on the
deackRegularized:deck of the Harriet
Lane I omitted to state
before that the rifled
gun carried by the Bayou
city was disabled before
she came up

When the Harriet Lane was
boarded Capt Wainright was
shot and alsRegularized:also Lieutenant
Lee The latter lived long
enough to see his Father
(a major general in the Rebel
Army) come on bordRegularized:board


29

The Harriet Lane was
surrendered after all her
officers had been killed
and the white flag run
up The other gun boats
now dropped astern and
our position being so
exposed a flag of truce was
hoisted on the warfRegularized:wharf and
both parties agreed to cease
hostilities for three hours
we stacked our arms on
the warfRegularized:wharf and went in
the building to get our
knapsacks we found
it riddled with shot and
shell the clothing which
hung wereRegularized:where we slept was
cut to pieces we probably
owe our lives to the fact
that the enemy thought
we were in the building and
not on the warfRegularized:wharf
The conduct of Comm
-odore
Regularized:Commodore
Renshaw was
verryRegularized:very strange he lay

30

within a mile of the
fight without offering
aid to the other gun boats
although they signaled
to him for help it was him
who ordered the Harriet
Lane up the river and after
the fight was over he
blew his flag ship (the
Westfield) up when he could
have escaped

We marched up town and
were escorted to a long
building whose owner
had probably left for the
interior we staidRegularized:stayed here
only a few hours when
we took up our line of march
for Virginia point a distance
of seven miles The people
treated us kindly much
better than we expected
they were dressed in all
kinds of clothing no two
being alike if you could
gather all the rag


31

pickers and beggars
that are in New England
they could scarcilyRegularized:scarcely
compare with the Texan
Soldiers We arrived at
Virginia Point in the af-
-ternoon
Regularized:afternoon
and unslung our
knapsacks to wait for the
train which was to take
us to Houston I went round
to the rebel camp and they
set the darkies at work and
made ho-cake and fried
bakonRegularized:bacon The food and the
circumstances under
which it was eat made
it one of the most
interesting New Year meals
I ever enjoyed we thanRegularized:then
lay down and slept untillRegularized:until
one o clockRegularized:o'clock when we
werRegularized:were ordered to fall in and
go on bordRegularized:board the cars they
were platform cars for
most of us slept untillRegularized:until
morning they did not

32

travellRegularized:travel far in the night
on account (as they said)
of the bad roads but we
believe to makRegularized:make a show of
us

JanJanuary 2

Most of us see a prairie
this morning for the first
time it strechedRegularized:stretched away
as far as the eye could
reach one level plain
thareRegularized:there were plenty of
cattle and other animals
grazing over it It was
a hansomeRegularized:handsome sight so
level and without a tree
excepRegularized:except on one side
evryRegularized:every where we stopped the
soldiers crowded around
us to admire our good
clothes we were evry wereRegularized:everywhere
called the finest Army
men they had ever seen
and certainly thareRegularized:there was
a contrast between us
theRegularized:they offered all sorts of
prices for our clothes


33

in confederate money
some of which was taken
I see one man change off
a pair of boots with a rebel
and get twenty dollars
in the bargineRegularized:bargain

The cars stopped before
we got to the depoRegularized:depot and
we were landed amid
an immense number
of men women & children
who folowedRegularized:followed us through
the town to our prison
I doubt if Jeff DavisJefferson Davis could
have called out such
an escort they did not
use much insulting
laguageRegularized:language to us however
but hooted like wild
indians

The quarters assigned us
were large and commodious
it was formerly used as
a cotton ware-house
The negroes cooked us our
ration of hoe cake and


34

a substitute for coffee
made by burning the
corn meal I forgot
to state that in passing
througRegularized:through the town we
see our regimental flags
flying from a window union
down and underneath the
stars and bars of the con
-federates
Regularized:confederates

JanJanuary 3rd

We get plenty of corn bread
and beefeRegularized:beef three times a day
with beans occasionally
the citizens and confederate
soldiers pay extravagant prices
for any articles of clothing
and the boys buy flour bredRegularized:bread
at twenty five cents a loaf
(about the size of a five cent
loaf in the north)

eggs at 85 cents & $1 00 a dozdozen
tobacco at $4.50 a pound
and evrythingRegularized:everything in proportion
The soldiers seem hartilyRegularized:heartily
tired of the war the most
of them are conscripts and


35

would get clear if they
could but I am satisfied
that thairRegularized:their leaders have the
power to hold them and
carry on the war

the folk come far and
near to see us one would
imagine it was a grateRegularized:great
sight to see a live yankee
they all praise us for our
good looks and good be
-haviour
Regularized:behavior
all agree in calling
us the best looking set
of men they ever see
they seemeRegularized:seem surprised that
“yankees” can be gentlemen
I imagine both parties are
surprised for certainly I
did not expect such kind
treatment from Texans
they do everything for our
comfort

JanJanuary 4th

Sunday morning our Col.
and ChaplineRegularized:chaplain came to see
us. The ChaplineRegularized:chaplain preached
a beautifullRegularized:beautiful sermon quite a


36

number of the citizens
came in to listen This is
the first time I have herdRegularized:heard
our ChaplineRegularized:chaplain preach
our negroes have gone to
Galveston to build fortifications
theRegularized:they held a prayrRegularized:prayer meeting
last night in our yard
and if scincerityRegularized:sincerity is any thing
I believe they had the
prescenceRegularized:presence of the blessed
master I honestly believe
thareRegularized:there will be more slaves
found in Heaven than
Southerners

JanJanuary 5

Our lives here promises
to be tedgiousRegularized:tedious although
we have all the liberty
that is good for us three
men are allowed to go up
town at at a time with a
guard we are allowed the
full liberty of a large yard
and can go down to the
river which runs past our
quarters


37

The news-papersRegularized:newspapers tell
extravagentRegularized:extravagant stories about
the late fight they call
it one of the gratestRegularized:greatest
achievements of the war
thairRegularized:their papers are printed
on all kinds of paper
some on the corcestRegularized:coarsest brown
wrapping paper they
cost twenty cents for two
columsRegularized:columns of reading
a collection was taken
for our Capt.Captain and our
boys I think gave most
a hundred dollars

JanJanuary 6th

Some Ladies came they
say seventy five miles
to see us GenGeneral McGruderRegularized:Magruder
has issued a proclamation
declaring the port of Galveston
open and inviting all nations
to trade, “big thing”

JanJanuary 9th

A number of gun boats
have appeared ofRegularized:off Galveston
and given the folks untillRegularized:until


38

three oclockRegularized:o'clock to leave
the city so say report
the guard are more
strict today onelyRegularized:only letting
three men out at a time
they seemeRegularized:seem rather
gllomyRegularized:gloomy

JanJanuary 11

Sunday morning again
the days pass swiftly
but we are weary of
being prisoners when
the church bells pealdRegularized:pealed
forth on the still mor
-ning
Regularized:morning
air it made our
thoughts wander across
the ocean to our dear
homes and all that is
near and dear to us
we long for the day when
we shall be permitted to
answereRegularized:answer the summons
of our own church bells
and worship our heavenly
Father quietly in whatever
way we wish

All our officers came here


39

this morning. They have
all been payrolled to go
where they please through
the city

Our ChaplineRegularized:chaplain preached an
eloquent SermoneRegularized:Sermon from
St Mark 10 chchapter 4 50 verse I am
sure he never had a more
attentive and interested
audience We are not allowed
to talk to citizens nor do we
get much news

JanJanuary 12

The papers today contain
Jeff DavisJefferson DavisproclimationRegularized:proclamation
thareRegularized:there is lies enough in
it to choke him it gives
us some encouragmentRegularized:encouragement
as it orders the release
(on parole) of all privates
The boys occupy most
of thairRegularized:their time making
bone rings thareRegularized:there
are some hansomeRegularized:handsome
specimens to be found here
made doubtless when the
thoughts of the workers


40

were in New England
Our corn meal for the past
few days is nothing but
cracked corn the same
asisRegularized:as is used for feed at
home it is extremely
hard to get down and
harder to digest but we
are onelyRegularized:only prisoners

JanJanuary 15

Six couleredRegularized:colored men have been
taken away to prison four
of them belonging to the
Harriet Lane and two are
Col.Colonel & Surgeon's boys our
but one or two were
free born but all are now
to be sold togatherRegularized:together
such acts onelyRegularized:only stir us
up a hatred to the insti
tution
Regularized:institution
of slavery

Our chains begin to gald
we were never born to be
held captive but our
prospect of liberty is
as small as ever
A cold norther com-


41

mencedRegularized:commenced last night
and today thareRegularized:there is a
sharp cold wind with
a sprinkling of snow
Went up town to buy
bread and molasses saw
the officers at thairRegularized:their quar
-ters
Regularized:quarters
they appear comfortable
but likRegularized:like us sigh for liberty
and home

JanJanuary 18

Sunday again the past
week has slipped away verryRegularized:very
fast part of it has been verryRegularized:very
cold and disgreableRegularized:disagreeable
our officers told us last
night that a transport
had been sent for us and
our paroles were all ready
when she arrived

Our ChaplineRegularized:Chaplain came with
all the Officers at 11 A.M.
and preached from the
text “Casting all thy cares
upon him for he careth for theRegularized:thee
1 Peter 5 chapter & 7 vrsRegularized:verse


42

JanJanuary 21st

Two months ago today
we left Reidville it seems
more like six to us we
have seen so many
changes
The writer has been sick for
three days many of our
boys suffer from the
diarreaRegularized:diarrhea caused by eating
the cracked corn which
they continue to give
us to eat

JanJanuary 22

At daylight orders came
for us to be ready at ten
to start for VicksburghRegularized:Vicksburg
we are loath to believe
that they will takRegularized:take us so
fare when our blocadeRegularized:blockade
is so near we shall
have to march 180 miles
though the worst part
of the country at the
worst season of the year
Some of the Soldiers who
have been parolled by our
government and have


43

come here lately
tell us that it is one
continued swamp
deep enough in some
places to swim thairRegularized:their
horses

At two oclockRegularized:o'clock PM we
were drawn up in
line and the roll called
by Lieut.Lieutenant Todd (Brother of
Mrs LinconRegularized:Lincoln) They were
verryRegularized:very carefullRegularized:careful in counting
us to see that all were
thareRegularized:there

4 PM we got on bordRegularized:board
the cars they are plat-
-form
Regularized:platform
cars with seats
fixed up we are verryRegularized:very
much crowded thareRegularized:there
are fifty CaverlyRegularized:Calvary with
four baggage wagons
going with us

5 ½ OclockRegularized:O'clock PM, started
our ChaplineRegularized:Chaplain with four
of the EngineereRegularized:Engineer officers
of the Harriet Lane


44

with thairRegularized:their surgeon
on the cars with us
they occupy a baggage
care

JanJanuary 23

3 P.M. arrived at Beaumont
being mostRegularized:almost twenty four
hours commingRegularized:coming eighty
miles

JanJanuary 25

Sunday it has been raining
for twenty four hours steady
as it only can rain
in Texas the boys are all
quartered in some mills
and sheadsRegularized:sheds up town
five of us stopped here
in a carpenters shop
we have been much
more comfortable here
we have been able to
buy good coffee and
milk with flour bread
and other luxuries but
we pay an extravagentRegularized:extravagant
price for evryRegularized:every thing they
pay us an eaquallyRegularized:equally
large price for our


45

clothes and we don't
want to carry onelyRegularized:only
as little as possible
on our back through the
LouisiannaRegularized:Louisiana swamps
of which we hear hard
accounts About one
hundred sailors passed
through here on thairRegularized:there
way to Houston they
were taken at Sabine
Pass from the Ship Morning
Light she got becalmed
near the shore and was
taken by two rebel steamers
our gun boats commingRegularized:coming
in sight they burnt
her without having
taken little or nothing
from on bordRegularized:board

The Steamer
that is to take us to Orange
was gone with the
horses and wagons we
expect to go on her
return likely tomorrow


46

we are all anxious to
get on the march to
our own lines

JanJanuary 28

The Steamer has not yet
arrived that is to take us
on our journey
every-thing in the shape
of machinerryRegularized:machinery in these
parts is old and cannot
be depended on

five of us continue to live
in the carpenters shop
away from the rest of
the company we have
to buy our food paying
60 ctscents a pound for flour
and 15 ctscents for corn meal
it is high living at least
in one scenceRegularized:sense

Yesterday the wind came
round to the north and
the cold became verryRegularized:very
dissagreableRegularized:disagreeable a kind Lady
sent us five blankets
and comforters which
kept us warm during the


47

night I think those
northers as they are
called are the worst
feature of the climate
in two hours the tempre
-ture
Regularized:temperature
falls from hot to
freezing the cold lasts
three days

JanJanuary 29

At nooneRegularized:noon packed our
knapsacks and went on
bordRegularized:board the Steamer Roebuck
She is only intended
to carry about sixty
passengers but she has
now near four hundred
including the guard
that goes through with
us My good luck follows
me here and I am quar
-tered
Regularized:quartered
in the cabin

FeburyRegularized:February 2

The writer has been
unable to write since
the last date on acc
-ount
Regularized:account
of sickness
thareRegularized:there has been little
worth describing however


48

we are still on the
boat steaming up the
river the boat is kept
continually turning course
and as the river is narrow
it takes considerable time
it is one continued swamp
on both sides of the
river The deackRegularized:deck of the
steamer has broke down
in several places and
it is thought she
will not live long
enough to go back to
NibelsRegularized:Niblets Bluff an bring
the cattle so two men
were dispachedRegularized:dispatched back
this morning to have
them drove across the
country to our landing
place three of the
wagons and some of
the mules are with us
one of the sailors hired
a state-roomeRegularized:stateroom and in
-vited
Regularized:invited
me to stop with

49

him so that I have
now good quarters and
the luxury of a bed to
sleep on

One of our number
David Chapin from
Dorchester has been taken
sick with a fever since
we came on bordRegularized:board he
has failed verryRegularized:very fast
and has been delirious
almost ever since the
Surgeon of the H. Lane
has been verryRegularized:very attentive
but has scarcely any
medicine to treetRegularized:treat his
disease which is TiphoidRegularized:Typhoid
Fever we have no hope
of his recovery

FebFebruary 3

David Chapin died about
midnight last night
we had stopped at a
small clearing for the
night our boys bought
some bordsRegularized:boards and made
a rough coffineRegularized:coffin


50

This morning we
laid him away in
the grave it was a
beautifullRegularized:beautiful spot about
fifty yards from the
bank of the Sabine river
and beneath the branches
of some large pine treeseRegularized:trees
The procession formed
at nine OclockRegularized:o'clock six of
his friends carrying the
coffineRegularized:coffin and followed
by a detachment of
our guard with re
-versed
Regularized:reversed
arms thanRegularized:then
came our three CompCompany,
Co.Company I marching neath
the corpse and the
sailors bringing up
the rear we marched
to the music of a single
bugle and while we
formed round the
open grave the
voice of our ChChaplain
arose in words

51

of exortation part
of the 5th chchapter of 1st
corinthiantsRegularized:corinthians was thanRegularized:then
read and prayrRegularized:prayer offered
The guard fired the
usual salooteRegularized:salute the
grave was filled up
and in a short
time we were steaming
up the river on our
way toward our dear
New England

FebFebruary 4

In the afternooneRegularized:afternoon the
boat arrived at Pikes ferry
where we were to land
it rained all day
but had ceased for awhile
we landed and marched
about half a mile and
were given some pig-
-houses
Regularized:pig-houses
to sleep in most
of the men diclinedRegularized:declined
however and camped
in the woods the weather
is cold and dissagreableRegularized:disagreeable
and thareRegularized:there is no supper


52

for us tonight as some
of the boys have stolen
a fiwRegularized:few pounds of meal
from the boat and the
commissiaryRegularized:commissary says we can
have no supper untillRegularized:until
that is found

FebFebruary 5

The weather continues
cold most of the men
are buisyRegularized:busy building camps
with pine bows
we expect to stay here
three or four days untillRegularized:until
the wagons arrive

FebFebruary 6

a cold night but the
sun has arose clear
and warm we are
camped in a grove of
pines and are quite
comfortable but anxious
to be on the march to our
own lines
Another man has taken
the fever and his recovery
is doubtfullRegularized:doubtful today he
was carried on a litter


53

to a house where he will
receive good attention

FebFebruary 7th

The seamersRegularized:steamers have not
arrived yet but are
expected today it is
likely we will start
monday no matter
how sooneRegularized:soon

The boys are off evryRegularized:every
day buying sweet potatoes
this is about all that can
be bought some of them
are fortunate enough to
buy sugar malassesRegularized:molasses &
the people are generally
friendly many of them
are of northern birth
another of our comeradesRegularized:comrades
died this afternooneRegularized:afternoon
of TiphoidRegularized:Typhoid Fever he was
a young man about
nineteen years of age
named Seller from
Roxbury

FebFebruary 8

Sunday we attended
the funeral of our


54

comeradeRegularized:comrade at 11 A.M.
The scervicesRegularized:services were verryRegularized:very
impressive we were drawn
up round the piassaRegularized:piazza of
the house where he died
our ChaplineRegularized:Chaplain spoke at
some length about the
happiness of the other
world (which he seemed
to think all would enjoy)
ThanRegularized:Then followed reading
the scriptures and prayrRegularized:prayer
with singing The
corpsRegularized:corpse was thanRegularized:then carried
to the family burying
place in the corner of
the plantation where
we buriedRegularized:burried him three
of our boys sang the hymn
"No Sorrow [Illegible: I have]" after
the funeral we returned
to the house and herdRegularized:heard a
Sermon

Two of our tents company
went foraging yesterday
and brought back chicken


55

sweet potatoes molasses
meal & today we are
living high we dined
on chicken beef stakeRegularized:steak
bolledRegularized:boiled beefeRegularized:beef sweet potatoes
corn bread and all the
delicacies of the season
we are under marching
orders again our teams
have all arrived and
the Lieutenant in charge
of us says we are going
to be put through faster
than we will like

FebFebruary9

At 3 A.M. we were up and
eat our corn dogerRegularized:dodger
and coffee at 6 o clockRegularized:o'clock
a full ration of oaths
from the Lieut we started
on our journey The
writer had the good
fortune to be an invalid
and with seven others
had six mules to travel
us The wagon had no
springs and we were


56

jolted in a verryRegularized:very
dissagreeableRegularized:disagreeable manner
in the afternoooneRegularized:afternoon we were
obliged to walk and give
place to others who gave
out We were all glad
at about five P.M. when
we reached our camp
ground we sooneRegularized:soon laid
down with the broad
heavens for our covering
and slept only as
men who have marched
fifteen or eighteen miles
with a load on thairRegularized:there back
can sleep

FebFebruary10

At 6 A.M. got started on our
journey the mules were
loaded with fodder so
that the sick must
march or stay even the
knapsacks that belonged
to the sick were thrown out after they started
the writer being unabled
from sickness to carry his


57

pack was obliged to
leave it behind a
friend taking a few ne
-cessary
Regularized:necessary
articles it was
a long hard march
many of the men were
“used up” when we halted
at sun down in the
forest beside a brookeRegularized:brook
where we bathed our
wearied limbs after
getting a mush supper
we lay down by our
camp fires to rest and
never was rest more
exceptableRegularized:acceptable tired as I
am I cannot refrain
from writing but nature
now says stop and
my willing hand
drops the pen to lay
myself down beside my
comeradesRegularized:comrades who are already
enjoying “nature's sweet
repstoresRegularized:restores

FebFebruary11

The bugle sounded before


58

day light and as sooneRegularized:soon
as light we were on
our journey all day
we travelledRegularized:traveled through
the forest up hill and
down The scenery was
wild and interesting
I wish I had time and
to give a more detailed
account of our march but
likRegularized:like the last time I wrote
it is by the flickering
light of the camp fire
we halted at sun-down
tired and foot-sore and
after a supper of mush
we are ready to lay down
and rest

FebFebruary12

We were awoke this morning
at three OclockRegularized:o'clock by the rain
pattering on our heads
it sooneRegularized:soon commenced to
pour in earnest wetting
our blankets and clothes
to the skin we stood and
took it untillRegularized:until daylight


59

when we started on our
journey the road for
four miles lay through
a swamp the rain had
overflown the road and part
of the time we were up tooRegularized:to
our knees in water and mud
one bridgRegularized:bridge we had to stop
and repair the rain ceased
about ten and at nooneRegularized:noon we
halted and built fires to
dry ourslvesRegularized:ourselves and boil a pot
of mush after halting
about two hours we started again
and halted at sun-down
having made nineteen miles
today not withstanding our
wet clothes and the bad con
-dition
Regularized:condition
of the road our camp
ground is better than usual
and we can lyeRegularized:lie under sheds
if we please but the night is
fine and we choose the open
air

FebFebruary13

After a good nights rest
we are again on our


60

way the distdistance to Alexandria
is nineteen or twenty miles
the LiutLieutenant said we should
go to withineRegularized:within five miles
of thareRegularized:there and halt for the
night I guess he changed
his mind for night found
us at the end of our
march it has been the
hardest days march
yet made so by the
condition of the road
it being red clay which
when we stepped in it
would almost pull our
boots off we were marched
faster too than usual
when we arrived here we
were marched on bordRegularized:board
a steamboat wereRegularized:where we
had comfortable quarters
we had no dinner
and had tooRegularized:to lay down
without any supper
it being late and nothing
tooRegularized:to cookeRegularized:cook our march

61

has been through a well
cultivated country for the
last eighteen miles splendid
cotton plantations and
corn fields far as the
eye could reach almost
but the land is verryRegularized:very low
and wet

FebFebruary14

We felt the knawings of
hunger keenly this morning
and breakfasted on a dish
of mush The Liut.Lieutenant says
we start tomorrow for
Fort Hudson on the Miss
-issippi
Regularized:Mississippi
but we have learned
not tooRegularized:to believe any-thing
we hear in the Southern
Confederacy

FebFebruary15

Sunday at 3 A.M. we were
awoke and ordered to be
ready to leave the boat at a
moments notice at day light
another boat took us on bordRegularized:board
and steamed up the river
the story is that two Federal
gun-boats have come up


62

the river withineRegularized:within eight
-eene
Regularized:eighteen
miles of Alexandria
we have come up the river
onelyRegularized:only a few miles to wait
and see if the gun-boats
get past the forts
All the Steamers were steaming
up tooRegularized:to be ready to leave
and a general excitement
seems tooRegularized:to prevail
4 P.M. a dispachRegularized:dispatch came that
one of the federal gun-
boats
Regularized:gun-boats
had been taken
we immediately steamed
down the river to the city
and took on bordRegularized:board our
waggonsRegularized:wagons and mules with
feed for man and beast

FebFebruary16

We had to go supperless to bed
last night (we slept am
-ong
Regularized:among
the horses) and as
the boat started down
the river before day we
had no chance to cook
untillRegularized:until mostRegularized:almost nooneRegularized:noon
and thanRegularized:then not half enough


63

at 2 P.M. we passed the Queen
of the West taken by the rebels
she is an old river boat and
was first captured by our
gun-boats and used for to
act as army boats having
sharpshooters on bordRegularized:board They
took onelyRegularized:only eleven prisoners
with her We had passed
the fort about a quarter
mile when two shots came
through the woods after us
the boat put about and
went back in a hurry
after a consultation between our
LiutLieutenant and the commander of the
post we proceeded on our way down
the river at 10 P.M. came to for the night

FebFebruary17

Early this morning this morning the
Rebel Gun boats passed us on thairRegularized:their
way up the river they communicated
some startelingRegularized:startling inteligenceRegularized:intelligence for our
boat steamed up and followed them
quick, 11 A.M. we reached the forts
we find the folks living here loading
thairRegularized:their goods for a start preparations


64

are being made for an attack no
less than six steamers are here
beside our own some are built
up with cotton and carry guns
among them is the Famous William
H Webb a large raft built of
heavy logs is constructed to
be put across the river, It seems
the iron gun boat Essex with
two others are commingRegularized:coming up
the river twardRegularized:toward night a steamer
that had gone down the river
blowed her whistle which was answered
by the guns on bordRegularized:board the steamer
Grand Duke we got under weighRegularized:way
and proceeded up stream The
guard drove us all in while passing
the forts but it did not prevent us
from seeing that there gun boats had
taken their position ready for
an attack we have stopped within
a half mile of the forts so that we
shall hear if not see the fun

FebFebruary18

At nooneRegularized:noon a steamer came down the
river with more prisoners they
were put on bordRegularized:board our vessailRegularized:vessel


65

and turned out to be U.S. regulars
numbering about three hundred men
taken in San Antonio at the commenc-
-ment
Regularized:commencement
of the war they have been prisoners
mostRegularized:almost two years during which time
they have travelledRegularized:traveled over three thousand
miles on food they have lived twenty days
on beans alone some of them have
their wives and children with them
I have no room tooRegularized:to write of thairRegularized:their
sufferings as my book is getting most
filled up and paper cannot be bought
here The rebels have detained them all
this time expecting them to join the South
but with the exception of a few they
have been true tooRegularized:to thairRegularized:their country
most of them are foreigners Irishmen
& Germans they are all under Parole
With them was the eleven men taken
on bordRegularized:board the Queen of the West also under
Parole they state that a grateRegularized:great ex-
-citment
Regularized:excitement
prevailed at Alexandria last
night on account of our gun boats being
in in the river and expected up
immediately on the arrival of the add
-itional
Regularized:additional
prisoners the boat started up

66

stream to a landing where our teams
were taken out with a number of bales
of cotton which were on bordRegularized:board Our paroles
are now being made out which make
our boys feel well as it gives us the
prospect of speedy deliverance
Another steamer came up with nine
more of the Queen of the West men who
could not make thairRegularized:their escape
Feb 19 While I with our men are getting
thairRegularized:their paroles we expect to leave imm
-ediately
Regularized:immediately
for VixburgRegularized:Vicksburg under a flag of
truce which is now flying over
us a boat came along side last night
and said a load of wood would be here
before morning she has not yet arrived

FebFebruary20

The Queen of the West passed down
the river this morning it was
unfortunate that she fell into rebel
hands but this is onelyRegularized:only the fortune
of war We have miserable quarters
here and verryRegularized:very much crowded The
boys are all anxious to leave here
but no word has come yet this
is said to be all that we are waiting
for


67

FebFebruary21

A boat came down the river this
morning with wood we had part of
it on bordRegularized:board when tooRegularized:two others came
up the river and took it from us our
captors seem little disposed tooRegularized:to send
us into our own lines perhaps they
want to learn us to live on even bread
I do not often write the reports circulated
here if I did my book would be filled with
nothing else

FebFebruary22

Washingtons birth-day finds us
still without any signs of departure
but we live in hopes trying always
tooRegularized:to look on the bright side of the picture
There never was a better place tooRegularized:to
study human nature and learn who
is your friend than here

FebFebruary23

A boat came down the river
last night with wood and this mor-
-ning
Regularized:morning
we were off at day light on our
way down the river the report now
is that we are bound to Baton RoucheRegularized:Baton Rouge
2 P.M. passed into the Mississippi and
at five came tooRegularized:to under the batteries of
Port Hudson the Rebels have here a
strongly fortified position the river


68

is narrow and the banks high a large
number of men lined the banks it
was reported that seven thousand men
were in the garrison another batRegularized:boat came
up the river and ran in alongside
us she had on bordRegularized:board a number of
rebel prisoners who had just been
exchanged and come up from
Baton RoucheRegularized:Baton Rouge some of them cheered
for Jeff DavisJefferson Davis This started our boys
and a shout went up for Abe LinconRegularized:LincolnAbraham Lincoln
which drowndedRegularized:drowned the the voyceRegularized:voice of the rebels
completely After conferring with the
General on shore our LiutLieutenant came on
bordRegularized:board and we ran a fiewRegularized:few miles
down the river and came too for the
night and the boys went on shore
tooRegularized:to cook

FebFebruary24

At day light we were under
weighRegularized:way and steaming down the
river passed an ironclad on her
her way up stream she looked like
a hour sunk down in the water
too the roofeRegularized:roof our boys cheered her
heartily But little attention is
now paid to the guard indeed but


69

has ever been paid them especially
by the regulars who do as they please
abordRegularized:aboard ship We were glad to get into the
Mississippi again it seems almost like
home tooRegularized:to us The water is much better
than that of the red river which was
most half clay and dirt we see the
sad effects of war all around towns
destroyed nothing remaining but the
chimmniesRegularized:chimneys of the houses tooRegularized:to mark the
spot where they stood
at 7 A.M. Baton RoucheRegularized:Baton Rouge hove in sight
[1] our steamer was stopped and a boat
with the dear old stars & stripes
floating from her stern and a white
flag from her bow came on bordRegularized:board
I need scarcely say we cheered them
with a will They report half our RegRegiment
here and half at New Orleans doing
guard duty They also state that Galveston
has been taken by “False Report”[2] and Mr Gruder taken
prisoner At 2 P.M. the the steamer
came alongside the Levee we were
thanRegularized:then marched on shore and the
roll called by a Major of the U.S.
army we thanRegularized:then marched down

70

to the city and quartered in the US
ArsnelRegularized:Arsenal we are near the ground
where the battle was fought at
the taking of this city from the rebels
all around is seen the marks of cannon
balls it is now Gen Banks head quarters
and is quite lively there being over
thirty regiments here many of our
boys found friends in the other MajsRegularized:Majors
regiments who took them tooRegularized:to their
quarters and gave them a good dinner
The writer not finding any friends
meekelyRegularized:meekly received the hard tack
given out by the company it certainly
went down hard enough for it must
be remembered we have been living
on the delicacies of the SunyRegularized:Sunny South
lately I have now the privledgRegularized:privilege of writing
what I dare not before a Union man
who came to our quarters in Galveston
for protection and who was with us
in the fight their being no way for
him tooRegularized:to escape and to be caught thairRegularized:their
would be death so he took a uniform
and knapsack and passed himself off
as one of us having shaved off his beard

71

he was never discovered although the
roll was called nearly every day and
the gratestRegularized:greatest pains was taken in counting
our number with the help of our boys
he was always passed by never was a
man more glad then he when he found
himself safe inside our lines

The boat that brought us here has lostedRegularized:lost
many men by desertion that she is un-
able
Regularized:unable
to get back up the river four negroes
two diackRegularized:deck hands our engineereRegularized:engineer and
three of our escort are reported tooRegularized:to have
left 9 P.M. the order came to pack up for
another start and in less than an hour
we were again on the water going tooRegularized:to
New Orleans

FebFebruary 25

At 7 A.M. arrived at New Orleans our
boat was small and verryRegularized:very much crowded
so that we passed a verryRegularized:very uncomfortable
night but we did not complain Five Co.Company
of our regiment are here and two others
at CarroltonRegularized:Carrollton & not at Barton RoucheRegularized:Baton Rouge a reported
sooneRegularized:soon after our arrival on Co.Company came down
on the Levee and gave us nine rousing
cheers never was Brothers happier at
meeting than we In the afternooneRegularized:afternoon


72

our letters arrived most of them was written
in DecrDecember 1862 but were received with grateRegularized:great
satisfaction We are under guard and not allowed
on shore with the prospect of passing
another night on bordRegularized:board the boat the sailors
have been but on bordRegularized:board a receiving ship

FebFebruary 26

We were entertained last night
by a concert given by the regulars
The musickRegularized:music was from two violeensRegularized:violins and a
TamborineRegularized:tambourine during the evening two Con
onderums
Regularized:conundrums
were proposed they were these
“Why are the Soldiers of the Southern Con-
federacy
Regularized:Confederacy
like unpicked cotton
Because they both had too be pressed
before they were fit for the Yankees”
“Why are the porks in CincinittyRegularized:Cincinnati watingRegularized:waiting
to be killed likRegularized:like ourselves at this time
“Because we are both extencivlyRegularized:extensively corn fed"
This morning we came on shore
and quartered in the new custom
house for a fiewRegularized:few hours unillRegularized:until part of
our regtregiment arrived who were to escort us to
our quarters They arrived about two
P.M. when we were greeted by the
band with “Auld Lang SineRegularized:Syne” the
[Illegible: H. T. Moss] were also drawn up too


73

receive us the than took up our line
of march for our quarters about three
miles distance The camp ground
is on a race courceRegularized:course and the cituationRegularized:situation
is good never were men prouder [Illegible: H in]
meeting friends than we our tents
were soon pitched and we enjoyed
a our superRegularized:supper of coffeRegularized:coffee and soft bread ex-
ceedingly
Regularized:exceedingly
our tents are outside
the lines and we are free to go
when we please I have not wri
-tten
Regularized:written
how our regtregiment cheered us on
our arrival here it can better be
imagined than described Liut Col.Lieutenant Colonel
Stedman welcomed us in the
name of the CommicionedRegularized:commissioned non
commicionedRegularized:commissioned and privates of the
Regtregimentonly five CompCompanies of which are
here the rest are scattered one Co.Company
are overseeing negroes build a fortification
another is doing Provost duty in the city
of New Orleans

FebFebruary 27

IRegularized:It rained most all night and as
the land is low some of the tents are
flooded as they have not yet got floors

FebFebruary 28

John Bates from


74

Dorchester now onbordRegularized:on board the US
supply ship “Fear-not came and
passed the night with us we
were glad to see him as he had been
absent from home for most two
years It is thought we will not
be exchanged as our Government
will not give three years men
for us as our time is most out

March 1

Orders came to strike our tents
and remove inside the lines which
we did and floored them over the rain
has made this ground a perfect
bog but it is nothing new for us tooRegularized:to
sleep on damp ground

March 2

orders came again tooRegularized:to strike
our tents and remove outside the
lines the boys growl some at being
moved so often

March 10

we are still encamped
with our regiment at Camp Fair
waiting to be exchanged or discharged
as the U.S. government pleases
it is as dull as being a prisoner
in the hands of the reblesRegularized:rebels almost
we get good living and plenty


75

of it with the priveledgRegularized:privilege of
going about wherever we please

July 17

After waiting here
since February 25 waiting
to be exchanged we are at
last under orders to move
the time has passed slowelyRegularized:slowly
and death has taken
away a number of our
comeradesRegularized:comrades verryRegularized:very fiewRegularized:few have
escaped a severe fit of
sickness and much misery
and suffering has been the
concequenceRegularized:consequence our time
which should have been
up in June has been lengthened
out to July 14 and even that
is past and but little prospect
of being sent home
5P.M. Arrived in Algiers and
pichedRegularized:pitched our tents on the bank
of the river to await transportation

July 31

Orders came be ready to
go on bordRegularized:board the Steamship
Continental at 6A.M. tomorrow


76

August 1st

Went on bordRegularized:board the
transport and steamed up
the river to Bull-head to take on bordRegularized:board
GenGeneral Grover and staff were
detained untillRegularized:until afternoon by
Liut ColLieutenant Colonel Stedman who was making
efforts to have some horses
removed from the boat After
considerable exertion he suceededRegularized:succeeded
and at 4 PM started down
the river our band playing
“Home Again” and the “Star
Spangled Banner” The sail down
the river was delightfullRegularized:delightful and
the beautifullRegularized:beautiful river scenery
never appeared to better
advantage at 12 M arrived
at the bar and come too untillRegularized:until
day light

AugAugust 2

4 A.M. crossed the bar and
proceeded to sea

AugAugust 5

Our steamer has proved all
that could be desired and so far
the voyage has been a pleasant one
A number of Co.Company 14 died and was
buried in the ocean


77

AugAugust 6th

Two more deaths
occuredRegularized:occurred last night and two
more funerals this morning
one was a member of CoCompany F
and the other of Co.Company [Illegible: I]

in the morning they were
sewed in their blankets and
placed on a bordRegularized:board and while
the chaplain was praying
the were dropped into the
ocean and quickly disapperedRegularized:disappeared
from view

After a

Transcriber's Notes

[1]
cross shaped mark
[2]
written over illegible word


Rice University
Date: 2010-06-07
Available through the Creative Commons Attribution license