Phonological planning during sentence production: beyond the verb

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Item Metadata Schnur, Tatiana T. 2012-02-22T03:17:33Z 2012-02-22T03:17:33Z 2011-11-04
dc.identifier.other doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00319
dc.description.abstract The current study addresses the extent of phonological planning during spontaneous sentence production. Previous work shows that at articulation, phonological encoding occurs for entire phrases, but encoding beyond the initial phrase may be due to the syntactic relevance of the verb in planning the utterance. I conducted three experiments to investigate whether phonological planning crosses multiple grammatical phrase boundaries (as defined by the number of lexical heads of phrase) within a single phonological phrase. Using the picture-word interference paradigm, I found in two separate experiments a significant phonological facilitation effect to both the verb and noun of sentences like “He opens the gate.” I also altered the frequency of the direct object and found longer utterance initiation times for sentences ending with a low-frequency vs. high-frequency object offering further support that the direct object was phonologically encoded at the time of utterance initiation. That phonological information for post-verbal elements was activated suggests that the grammatical importance of the verb does not restrict the extent of phonological planning. These results suggest that the phonological phrase is unit of planning, where all elements within a phonological phrase are encoded before articulation. Thus, consistent with other action sequencing behavior, there is significant phonological planning ahead in sentence production.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Frontiers in Psychology
dc.relation.ispartofseries volume 2;article 319
dc.subject language production
phonological planning
picture-word interference paradigm
lexical frequency
dc.title Phonological planning during sentence production: beyond the verb
dc.type Journal article
dc.type.dcmi Text
dc.identifier.citation Schnur, Tatiana T.. (2011). "Phonological planning during sentence production: beyond the verb."

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