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The smashed filter for compressive classification and target recognition

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dc.contributor.author Davenport, Mark A.
Duarte, Marco F.
Wakin, Michael B.
Laska, Jason N.
Takhar, Dharmpal
Kelly, Kevin F.
Baraniuk, Richard G.
dc.date.accessioned 2008-08-19T02:13:37Z
dc.date.available 2008-08-19T02:13:37Z
dc.date.issued 2007-01-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1911/21679
dc.description.abstract The theory of compressive sensing (CS) enables the reconstruction of a sparse or compressible image or signal from a small set of linear, non-adaptive (even random) projections. However, in many applications, including object and target recognition, we are ultimately interested in making a decision about an image rather than computing a reconstruction. We propose here a framework for compressive classification that operates directly on the compressive measurements without first reconstructing the image. We dub the resulting dimensionally reduced matched filter the smashed filter. The first part of the theory maps traditional maximum likelihood hypothesis testing into the compressive domain; we find that the number of measurements required for a given classification performance level does not depend on the sparsity or compressibility of the images but only on the noise level. The second part of the theory applies the generalized maximum likelihood method to deal with unknown transformations such as the translation, scale, or viewing angle of a target object. We exploit the fact the set of transformed images forms a low-dimensional, nonlinear manifold in the high-dimensional image space. We find that the number of measurements required for a given classification performance level grows linearly in the dimensionality of the manifold but only logarithmically in the number of pixels/samples and image classes. Using both simulations and measurements from a new single-pixel compressive camera, we demonstrate the effectiveness of the smashed filter for target classification using very few measurements.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by the grants DARPA/ONR N66001-06-1-2011 and N00014-06-1-0610, NSF CCF-0431150, NSF DMS-0603606, ONR N00014-06-1-0769 and N00014-06-1-0829, AFOSR FA9550-04-1- 0148, and the Texas Instruments Leadership University Program. Thanks to TI for providing the DMD developer’s kit and accessory light modulator package (ALP).
dc.subject smashed filter
object recognition
image classification
compressive sensing
dc.title The smashed filter for compressive classification and target recognition
dc.type Article
dc.citation.bibtexName inproceedings
dc.citation.journalTitle Computational Imaging V at SPIE Electronic Imaging
dc.citation.location San Jose, California
dc.identifier.citation M. A. Davenport, M. F. Duarte, M. B. Wakin, J. N. Laska, D. Takhar, K. F. Kelly and R. G. Baraniuk, "The smashed filter for compressive classification and target recognition," Computational Imaging V at SPIE Electronic Imaging, 2007.

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  • DSP Publications [508 items]
    Publications by Rice Faculty and graduate students in digital signal processing.